Richard I (Richard the Lionheart)

King Richard I, known famously as Richard the Lionheart, was born on the 8th September 1157. He was crowned King of England on the 6th July 1189 and ruled until his death on 6th April 1199. He was given the nickname ""Lionheart"" because he was a strong military leader and strategist as well as a good warrior. He was the commander of the third crusade.