Anti-Semitism is prejudice towards, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as a national, ethnic, religious or racial group. The term was coined in Germany in 1860 as a scientific-sounding term for Judenhass ("Jew-hatred") and does not refer to Non-Jewish Semites. Anti-Semitism takes many forms, ranging from hateful words uttered to individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.