How are fungi and plants similar?
Fungi and plants are similar in that they both require carbon and energy. Plants meet this need through carbon dioxide and light, while Fungi absorb and metabolize a variety of carbohydrates and insoluble carbohydrates.
On a macro level, fungi look a lot like plants. Scientists felt either that fungi were simple plants without chloroplasts, or had shed these parts to become mostly parasitic. They have cell walls, and outside of some slime molds, are not mobile. Their mycellium (the fuzzy white lines that are the 'real' fungus) are outwardly similar to a simple root system. They also 'fruited' with mushrooms of some form on most of the higher species…
Fungi are not plants at all so "fungi" is an incorrect answer. Fungi belong to the Fungi kingdom and all plants belong to the Plantae kingdom. There are many types of plants without chlorophyll. The most common are referred to as mycoheterotrophs. These plants get their nutrients by parasitizing the underground parts of fungi (mycorhizae).
Mycorrhizae are fungi that cooperate with plants Which interaction best fits the known traits of fungi and plants?
Fungi lack chloroplasts, which means they are unable to undergo photosynthesis as plants are. This means that while plants are typically autotrophs (producers), fungi are heterotrophs (consumers). Fungi have a cell wall of chitin instead of the cellulose that plants make. Fungi store energy as glycogen; plants store energy as starch. Fungi have a single, posteriorly oriented flagellum while plants have multiple flagella that are anteriorly oriented.
Fungi get their nutrients and energy from decomposing organic matter, not from photosynthesis. Most are detrivores rather than producers. The exception are lichens, a symbiotic relationship between fungi and algae or similar bacterial plants. One term for the way fungi feed is "saprotrophic nutrition."
Archaea - similar in size and shape to Bacteria, but more similar to Eukaryotes in terms of genes and metabolic pathways. Bacteria - single celled, prokaryotic Eukaryota - Fungi, plants, animals This is accurate, but Eukaryota doesn't just include fungi, plants, and animals. It includes all animals with a "true" nucleus, such as amoebas and rhizaria (which is a unicellular, eukaryotic supergroup).