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Answered 2015-12-04 17:25:54

Difference between Longitudinal waves and Transverse waves

In longitudinal waves the particle vibrates along the direction of propagation of wave whereas in transverse wave the particles vibrate perpendicular along the direction of propagation of wave.

In longitudinal wave there is a pressure variation in the medium whereas in transverse waves there is no pressure variation in the medium.

In longitudinal waves the waves move in the medium by compression and rarefaction whereas in transverse waves the waves move by forming crests and troughs.

Longitudinal waves require a material medium for its propagation whereas Transverse waves travel without a medium.

Longitudinal waves don't with a high speed as their speed is 330 m/s in air whereas Transverse wave travel with a very high speed of 3 * 10^8 m/s.

Similarities between longitudinal wave and transverse wave

1) They travel in a medium with constant speed which is different in different media.

2) They obey the laws of reflection and refraction.

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