###### Asked in Oil and Oil FiltersEarth Sciences

Oil and Oil Filters

Earth Sciences

# How can we generate a synthetic seismogram?

## Answer

###### Wiki User

###### January 14, 2009 10:28AM

**The procedure to create a synthetic seismogram is as
follows:**

*- Multiply the velocity (calculated from the sonic log) and
density logs to generate an acoustic impedance (AI) log. When a
density log is not available, the densities can be calculated from
the velocities with Gardner's rule: the density is proportional to
the ¼ power of the P-wave velocity.* *- Calculate from the AI
log the reflection coefficients (using Zoeppritz' equation)*
*- Determine the wavelet from the seismic data* *-*
*Convolve the wavelet with the reflection coefficient trace to
generate the synthetic trace*