Best Answer

US Army & US Marine snipers, through out US history, have been un-officially used during wars. No recognized PERMENANT "official" schools or budgets were allowed for them until near the end of the Vietnam War; and when they were established, they were started by the US Marine Corps. Up until the Vietnam War, all US Marines were considered RIFLEMEN first...pilots, tank crewmen, artillerymen...second. As a result, in the late 1960's the Marines became America's first official military snipers, with permanent financial backing and schools. The US Army followed suit shortly thereafter. US Sniper's, as a rule, were scorned by the status quo conventional military. Snipers could be as effective as a company of infantrymen or a company of tanks; consequently threatening the justification (& existence) of having & using larger military units. With the ADDED negative side effects of getting LESS money from congress when the defense budget was distributed; a lone sniper is alot cheaper than the price of 17 tanks and 100 men! There was a third negative aspect to snipers; they threatened army doctrine, which called for mass employment of tanks and armored fighting vehicles, which in turn called for many officers and NCO's to lead them. Snipers now threatened the jobs of platoon and company level leadership positions (officers & NCO's) if they were to be replaced by lone snipers (which were less expensive and equally effective-MORE BANG FOR THE BUCK!). Bottom line: The established military preferred to "officially" ignore snipers; but "officially" used them when they were needed. When the war ended, snipers were intended to "disappear", "go away", as they had always done before. Vietnam War: In all previous US wars, military snipers were to eliminate key personnel (officers, NCO's, radio operators, machinegun crews, etc.). The doctrine remained the same for Vietnam...but the actual use in Vietnam "evolved" into obtaining BODY COUNTS. For the US Army, snipers often worked in "free fire zones" collecting body counts from anyone out there past a certain time (free fire zone after 1800 hours, example). Or they were emplaced in areas known (dirt road & highways) to be mined by enemy sappers (communists planting land mines, or communist commando's penetrating the barbed wire defenses of a US Firebase). Sometimes they were emplaced over looking known trails used by the enemy. In all cases US snipers had to be alert from possible destruction from US Aircraft, warned by planted "sensing devices" through out the country (had to avoid friendly fire); as well as avoiding "getting shot up" by a US patrol, as US snipers employed the same tactics as did the enemy. STEALTH & Marksmanship was the art of the military sniper. Most, if not all, US Army snipers remained quiet about their occupations while in the base camps, and very few socialized, except with their own kind. People hated the army and the war as it was; being a sniper only added fuel to an already hated profession. The occupation itself lends itself to remaining a "solitary figure." And in order to survive, snipers had to remain quiet about it. The art of law enforcement sniping may be marksmanship; but military snipers MUST be hunters first, marksman second. Anyone can pull a trigger; but it takes a hunter to get close. ALL snipers are marksman, but NOT all marksman are snipers.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2008-08-11 18:53:40
This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: How did American snipers contribute to the Vietnam War?
Write your answer...
Related questions

Did they use snipers in the Vietnam war?

Snipers were used as arms for American soldiers. Not too sure if the Vietnamese used snipers as well.

Was snipers used in the Civil War?

Yes, but unlike the Vietnam War, snipers in the Civil War were often referred to as Sharpshooters.

How many snipers were in the Vietnam War?

8 billion

How many USMC Vietnam female snipers were there?

During the Vietnam war, female USMC soldiers were not sent into combat. Sniper is a combat position, hence there were no female USMC snipers during the Vietnam war.

What war were snipers best used in?

Snipers (marksmen or sharpshooters) were useful in all wars involving firearms. The Vietnam War was the most famous war for US military snipers because it was the Vietnam War that established permanent US Army and US Marine Corps Sniper Schools in America commencing on or about 1969.

Was a sniper used in the Civil War?

Yes, but unlike the Vietnam War, snipers in the Civil War were often referred to as "Sharpshooters."

What were the American tactic's in the Vietnam war?

what were the american tactics in the vietnam war

Compare and contrast the Vietnam war and the American war?

Most people know what the Vietnam War is; what is the American War?

Was there snipers in 1912?

Possibly. In the American Civil War, both sides had snipers using scoped rifles. If armies did not have snipers in 1912, it was not because sniping was not yet invented.

How Did the Cold War Contribute to Vietnam?

Yes, part of the cold war.

Were American snipers in the Vietnam War very important?

Snipers do more than provide one shot one body results. They often go in with or before the advance party on a forward movement and act as scouts gathering information. On a withdrawal they act as rear guards covering the troops as they pull back. Its amazing how much the loss of a senior enemy officer to a sniper can slow the advance of a unit. American snipers in Vietnam at the end of the war killed over 10,000 VC/NVA soilders at the cost of under 20,000 bullets.

What are the names of the individual Marines that were the top snipers during the Vietnam war?

USMC Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock.

Why Vietnam won the war but lost the peace?

Vietnam won the French war. North Vietnam won the American Vietnam War. There was no such country named "Vietnam" during the American Vietnam War 1955-1975. There were two nations: North VN & South VN.

When did America get in the Vietnam war?

The American got into the Vietnam war in the year 1960.

How many American ships were lost in the Vietnam war?

There were no American naval ships lost during the Vietnam War.

When was American Writers Against the Vietnam War created?

American Writers Against the Vietnam War was created in 1965.

Did the marine snipers use hollow point rounds in Vietnam?

Officially, like the US Army snipers which used "Match" full metal jacketed bullets in their XM-21s (M14 US Rifles) in Vietnam, the Corps was also governed by the Geneva rules of war.

Why were the American Civil War and the Vietnam war not declared wars?

the American civil war and Vietnam were not wars because there was no declaration of war, therefore making it a conflict

What are other names used for the Vietnam War?

The Vietnam Conflict, the Indochina war. The people and government in Vietnam today refer to it as the American War.

What was the American Involvement in the Vietnam War?

== ==

In World War 2 and Vietnam why did snipers tie themselves to trees?

either they were forced to stay in that tree til the death or they did it for the lulz

How the Vitenam War contributed to Black militancy in America?

How did the Vietnam war contribute to black militancy

What did Asians call the war in Vietnam?

In Vietnam at the time, and still today, it is referred to as "The American War."

The longes war in American history was?

The longest war in American history was called the Other War. This war was against Vietnam and took 103 months for the last American combat forces to withdraw from Vietnam.

Did Elvis fight in the Vietnam War?

No He Wasn't In The Vietnam War However, he was drafted into the army and was stationed in Germany--but not during the Vietnam War or any other American war.