How did Jews and other people die in the Holocaust?
- By mobile killing units (SD-Einsatzgruppen) in mass open-air shootings.
- By being worked to death as slave labourers on insufficient rations.
- By being forced into hopelessly overcrowded ghettos and refused medication
- Killer diseases were rampant in many camps at various stages.
- By gassing in specially designed vans and especially in gas chambers in extermination camps.
Originally, there was no co-ordinated plan for the killing of the Jews during the Holocaust. When the Nazis invaded Poland, they herded the Jews into ghettos within the major Polish cities like Warsaw and Lodz. The conditions in the ghettos were atrocious. Many of the ghetto inhabitants died of disease, exposure, and starvation. The ghettos were used in Poland for most of the war.
When the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, special SS killing squads came in behind the German Army. These killing squads were known as Einsatzgruppen or special groups. According to written records, Reinhard Heydrich head of the Reich Security Main Office, dispatched these groups in order to deal with partisan forces. Heydrich issued a directive to the special groups stating that the following individuals are to be executed immediately: "all high ranking members of the Communist party, all 'people's commissars', all Jews in service to the party..." But the directive contained another order, "any open hostilities against Jews by the local population are not to be prevented, as a matter of fact, they are to be secretly encouraged." Under the blanket of this directive, the special killing squads stood by while the local population of the occupied territories killed the Jews in public. However, not long after this directive was ordered, the special killing squads began executing members of the local Jewish population. They would order the Jews into the middle of town at a specific time. The Nazis would then order the Jews to march out of town. The Jews were being told that they were going to work. Once the Jews would lead to a certain predesignated location, they were told to dig holes (unless the holes were already dug), then they were made to strip off all of their clothing and to get into the holes. They were then shot in a mass grave. This occurred in many situations throughout the occupied Soviet Territories. Eventually though, the Nazis began experimenting with ways to murder the Jews on a more "efficient" scale.
The Nazis experimented with placing the Jews into a pit and throwing a grenade in. This of course proved to be an extremely disturbing and dangerous operation (dangerous to exposing the secret killings not dangerous to the killers). The Nazis also experimented in the Eastern Territories with chemicals. The Jews would be placed into a pit and then dissolving chemicals would be poured in so that the Jews would be dissolved alive. This also was deemed to be to inhumane (again inhumane for the killers who at this point in time were beginning to lose whatever sanity they had left) so the Nazis moved on to the use of gas.
Originally, the Nazis would use Gas vans. Individuals would be herded into the back of these vans with a hose leading from the exhaust into the back compartment so that those inside would die from exposure to the fumes. After some time, this proved to be inefficient as it did not kill enough human beings at one time.
Around the earlier parts of 1942, the Nazis began the systematic deportations of the Jews from all over Europe to what were known as death camps. There were 6 death camps that existed in Poland although there were others throughout Europe. The 6 camps in Poland are deemed to be the primary locations for the deportations. The camps included, Majdenek, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, Belzec, and Auschwitz-Birkenau. Most of these camps would use gas chambers that were connected to trucks in order to kill using carbon monoxide poisoning. The Jews were taken off of the trains and herded into the chambers. They were told that they would be taking a shower and that it would be necessary for them to undress. When they went into the chambers the engines were turned on releasing the gas into the chamber. The cause of death was naturally suffocation.
The largest of the death camp complexes was Auschwitz-Birkenau. It was located in Western Poland. The Nazis used a different type of gas to kill the Jews at Aushwitz. There were problems in using carbon monoxide gas to kill the Jews because there were some occasions in which the engines would not work. The solution, Prussic Acid or what is known as Zyklon B. Zyklon B is a crystallized substance that is used to kill rats and other like pests. When the substance is in a canister, it remains in a solid crystallized form. Exposure to the air causes the crystals to chemically change into the gas. This proved to be the main method of killing at Auschwitz.
Jews were taken off of the trains (if they survived the journey) and selected by an SS doctor. If they were over a certain age and looked healthy enough to work they were sent to the main camp. At the main camp they were usually worked to death within a matter of months. The daily rations given to those individuals was no more than 300 calories per day (a normal American consumes around 1,500 to 2,000 a day). If they did not starve to death they fell prey to the various diseases that were rampant in every concentration camp throughout Nazi occupied territory.
Those Jews who were not selected to go to the camps were sent to the gas chambers. Originally, Auschwitz used several small enclosed cabins to operate as the gas chambers. An individual would lock the victims in the house, throw a canister of gas through an open window, and wait until all inside were dead. As the need to murder more Jews became more important several large gas chambers were built. The chambers were large enough to hold 1,200 individuals. The Jews were told to strip off their clothing because they were to take a shower. They were then sent inside the chamber which had fake faucets in the ceiling to keep suspicions at a minimum. The door was sealed and the gas was dropped into the chamber through vents in the ceilings. It took anywhere from 15-30 minutes for the gas to kill everyone in the chambers. Once all inside were dead the ventilators were turned on to remove the gas from the room. The bodies were placed on an elevator that took them up to the furnances above. The bodies were then incinerated and the ashes were dumped in the nearby river.
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Background The Nazis themselves called their attempt to exterminate all the Jews in Europe the Final Solution of the Jewish Question ( die Endloesung der Judenfrage ). At first, the term Final Solution was widely used, but was felt to be unsatisfactory. In the 1950s the term the Holocaust (a…s a proper noun, referring to this specific genocide) was introduced. From about 1980, following the showing of the TV miniseries with the same name, it gained widespread acceptance. More recently, some who feel that other groups of Nazi victims have been overlooked, have extended the term to cover the overall slaughter committed by the Nazis of victims on the basis of group membership. However, among historians the term the Holocaust (as a proper noun) is generally used only of the genocide of the Jews. (See the Wikipedia article on the the Holocaust for more information). There are, however, competing definitions. Please see the related question. Historians' Definitions Most professional historians use the term specifically for the Nazi genocide of the Jews. For example Richard J. Evans, Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, writes as follows: The standard work by the distinguished Canadian historian Michael Marrus, The Holocaust in History , focused on, to use his own words, 'the Holocaust, the systematic mass murder of European Jewry by the Nazis'. Similarly, Sir Martin Gilbert, in his documentary compilation, The Holocaust: The Jewish Tragedy ( London, 1986), concurred in referring to 'the systematic attempt to destroy all European Jewry - an attempt now known as the Holocaust'. Another author, Ronnie S. Landau, put forward a similar definition in his book, The Nazi Holocaust : 'The Holocaust involved the deliberate, systematic murder of approximately 6 million Jews in Nazi-dominated Europe between 1941 and 1945.' Richard J. Evans, Telling Lies About Hitler: The Holocaust, History and the David Irving Trial , Verso, London and New York, 2002, pp. 113-4. Hitler began the persecution of Jews in 1933. Also, in 1945 survivors of Death Camps had a nation to go home to, except the Jews. In 1945-46 some Jews returning home in Poland were killed in pogroms, for example at Kielce. Many of those not killed fled to Palestine, helping to create the state of Israel in 1948. The term holocaust as applied to the extermination of the Jews during WWII is recent in origin, acquiring that meaning after movies like 'Schindler's List' came out. Certainly the number of non-Jewish civilians and POWs exterminated during WWII was probably as great as the number of Jews exterminated. In the U.S., the great injustices and killing has been told by Jewish writers, editors, and moviemakers. Firstly, the term "holocaust" (or as Jews call it: Shoah) was adopted to replace the term "Final Solution" which was the Nazis' own euphemism for the systematic extermination of the Jews. The term holocaust (usually written with a small h-) is now often used to describe other genocides such as that of 5-7million Ukrainians by Stalin and 1.2-1.5 million Armenians by the Ottoman Turks. Sadly, movie makers in the United States often overlook the fate of non-Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Although horrific and we should never forget, it seems a week doesn't go by that a Holocaust program isn't shown on TV or in the newspapers. Contemporary Germans feel tremendous guilt due to this barrage of media even though they weren't even born in this era. Shoa , also spelled Shoah and Sho'ah, Hebrew for "Calamity", is the Hebrew term for the Holocaust. It is used by many Jews and a growing number of others due to theological discomfort with the literal meaning of the word Holocaust; these groups believe it is theologically offensive to imply that the Jews of Europe were a sacrifice to God. It is nonetheless recognized that most people who use the term Holocaust do not intend such a meaning. Similarly, many Roma (Gypsy) people use the word Porajmos, meaning "Devouring", to describe the Nazi attempt to exterminate that group. As we all know Jews were going to be killed, none of them were meant to survive, and that may be why people say it is Jews' Holocaust. But, as I think about it, if Hitler would finish with Jews before the end of the war, Poles were next. What is more, there was already great number of Poles who died along with Jews that if not close to the number of Jews killed, probably is the same or even greater. I think that saying it was only the Jew's Holocaust is just a wrong interpretation of the history. Communists, socialists, liberal intellectuals, a few Church figures, trade unionists, Gypsies, physically and mentally disabled all fell victim to the Nazis also. The very first target of the Nazis was not so much the Jews, or any single religion or ethnic group for that matter. Once Hitler seized power he gave his brownshirts the go-ahead to attack the Communists and Social Democrats (who were in fact the Nazis' arch enemy). The Reichstag fire was used in order to make the Communist Party illegal in Germany. What does it MATTER if it was 5.69 Million? It was people killing people, for the simple reason, that they were different in some [minor] way. No point arguing about Numbers. I was born in Germany in 1941, and believed all the stories about how 'the 'Jews lived off the backs of the German public. I believed the films that the Nazis showed of the 'Happy Jewish Families' out in the East, in very nice 'rest camps'.. I did not know, that after the films were made, all those people, died! I, and all the 'grown ups' believed the Films, BECAUSE WE WANTED TO! The rumours we all heard, were too horrible to believe. We were all guilty, even I as a baby, for we believed!! And that, as well as the destroyed families, made us all Victims of a system. Yes, even the Ordinary German , was a Victim, and don't forget, the Camps were at FIRST built to deal with Germans who said the wrong things to the wrong people, even their own children. Millions died in these Camps, some were also German. Just one life lost, is a tragedy. So forget about numbers, and just make sure it cannot happen again....Though I will not hold my breath! Further points There is an increasing tendency to acknowledge other victims of the Holocaust. It would be unfortunate if there were an unseemly quarrel about 'ownership' of, for example, Holocaust Memorial Day. However, surely every group is entitled to its own remembrance of what happened. ( Full Answer )
Roughly 11 million people were killed in the Holocaust. Six million Jews and five million non-Jews (Slavs, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Political Enemies, Jehova's Witnessesn, sympathetic citizens, etc). This figure includes the camps as well as the mass graves in the country sides, killings on the street,… organized shootings (such as Babi Yar, etc.) and basically, any person singled out for their religion, plitical beliefs, or their sexual persuasion. Roughly 10-11,000,000 5 million non-jews and 6 million jews total was 11 million ( Full Answer )
Answer . To the contrary, it wasn't only Jews who were persecuted, though they did constitute the majority. Gyspsies, gays, other minorities and political disidents were all targeted, imprisoned and executed during the years of the Holocaust.. Answer . They were targeted because Hitlor nee…ded someone to blame the problems of Geremny on and in the bible the caused so much troble the Hitlor knew the would be a easy target. ( Full Answer )
Most Jews, like everyone else in concetration camps (miscreants, the "undesired", gypsies, etc.) died primarily by malnutrition and/or disease. It's highly contested (and a topic of great contention) as to whether or not "gas chambers" were for anything more than delousing with the chemical calle…d Zyklon B. ( Full Answer )
Of the roughly 11 million killed during the Nazi holocaust, nearlyhalf were non-Jews. These included groups considered raciallyundesirable such as Gypsies, Ukrainians, Belorussians, Poles, etc.,and also included Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, clergy,communists, socialists, and other political ene…mies. Additionally,many non-Jews were persecuted because they were thought to be Jews,and of course, those caught trying to protect or hide Jews werekilled as well. Answer: The Nazis persecuted homosexuals, gypsies, and handicapped.They even killed many of the criminals in Nazi Germany. ( Full Answer )
The victims were murdered; they were: . Gassed . Worked to death on grossly inadequate food . Shot Many also died of disease. Many ways. Some starved, some were just worked to death, some were shot & some were gassed.
Some (very few) were lucky enough to have German families hide them (such as Anne Frank's family) and others were blessed by surviving out of strength and character, while others were simply too weak to go on. Over 6 million Jews (including women and children as well as the elderly and also Gypsies,… Europeans or anyone that went against Hitler) were gassed, beaten to death, starved to death or used for experimentation purposes and many died from that alone. ( Full Answer )
Answer . It wasn't only the Jews. It was anyone who didn't fit into Hitler's idea of a ideal person. Others killed were the Gypsys, handicapped, and political prisoners.. About 5 million non-Jews were killed in the Holocaust.
cause they strongly believed in god --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- that is one of the big issues, as it was not those who believed themselves to be Jewish, it was who the Nazis decided were Jewish. Some of the victims believed strongly… in God, and in the son of God, but because their parents or grandparents were Jewish, the Nazis classified them as Jewish and they became one of the six million victims. It is unfortunate but when reflecting on the Holocaust we have to use the Nazis definitions, as it was they who decided who lived or died and those people's individual beliefs, or the strengh of them could not condemn or save them. . ( Full Answer )
The majority of Holocaust victims were murdered - by gassing and by deliberate malnutrition. (They were forced to do hard labour on very little food). In some parts of Eastern Europe, the Nazis also conducted mass shootings. They were also killed by disease. There were some that went into hiding suc…h as Anne Frank, and some were found. There are still Holocaust survivors today. Anne Frank and her sister Margot Frank were killed the same way their mom died. Disease. Otto Frank was the only Frank that survived the Holocaust. ( Full Answer )
Answer . The other people who were involved were Mike Epps, Brad Pitt, Will Smith, Angelina Jolie, and George Clooney were some known people.
about 5.1 million gypsies, non Jews and prisoners of war, especially Russians. --- If one takes takes 11 million as the figure for the total number killed in the wider holocaust - that is including the groups listed above, and about 6 million Jews, then 6/11 would give a percentage of 54.5% Jews.
Yes, of course!! Many people helped out the Jews by providing food and shelter. Raoul Wallenberg was a famous Jew rescuer that housed Jews in Swedish buildings. Another rescuer includes Paul Gruninger who backdated Jewish passports to allow Jewish refugees to enter Switzerland
There were many other groups of people targeted during the holocaust that did not include Jews, these groups were: Gypsies, Slavs, Homosexuals, Mentally handicapped, and Africans.and the jamies and areeeebs and the Stevens
Jews were considered a race, not a religion. They were deemed sub human along with homosexuals, Communists, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, the handicapped and the mentally ill. However, in Nazi propaganda Jews were portrayed as diaboically cunning and dangerous Communists. The Nuremeberg Laws of 1935… futher defined the Jews stated more laws that they had to follow. The S.S. did not look at innocent Jews dying but that the world would be a safer and better place without them. Himmler was the founder of the concentration camps and at the Wannsee Conference it was decided to exterminate. Innocent people died. Pure hate, fear and they were "following orders ". ( Full Answer )
During the Holocaust, about 6.6 Million Jews were killed during theHolocaust. Six million non-Jews were killed during the Holocaust, too.
None ___ There were several. The best known was the genocide of the Armenians by the Ottoman Turks in 1915-17.
They died in: . Mass shootings, especially in the Soviet Union . Deliberately overcrowded ghettos . Extermination camps . Concentration camps
Hate exist and an obsession with eliminating Jews has been a deep obsession with people those either of an orient that was taught to hate them(read there history it is unlike anyother) or because of just the hateful nature of some people. In the USA and Europe the views and hate for the Jews are …diminished and nothing like the ways some past leaders have inspired. The middle east has problems with many cultures mainly those unlike their own. Did the Germans still hate the Jews after the Holocaust, no way, but the generation was taught to hate them and that was damaging. Hate can be in the closet there is no calculating how much hate their is amongst nations where anti-antisemitism is frowned upon or punished. In a world of economic freedom and philosophy, the Jews have no specific reason to be hated, and have many reasons to be liked. ("Be a good provider" means among other things, produce or engage/understand economics") ( Full Answer )
Sad :-(. As a lesbian of Jewish decent, I have lived many of the emotions that come out of a situation as in the holocaust. I was also taught to remember the holocaust. Emotions are not only sadness, but anger, rage and extremely frightened. Wondering why you were singled out and feeling completely… degraded, discriminated against, persecuted, targeted, and intimidated. ( Full Answer )
The Jewish victims were gassed or shot; others were worked to death on grossly insufficient food, and others died of typhus and other diseases that swept through the camps.
if they were found out they were excuted on the spot or sent to the concetration camps for later termination.
1. The extermination camps were all in Poland, which is difficult to reach from Western Europe.. 2. Until about May or June 1944 the exact location of the camps was not known to the Allies.. 3. The Allies didn't give any priority to saving the victims. In other words, I don't think they cared.
One method was to hide them in basements or 'hidden rooms' in their own homes. or even they would make special quilts to show that this was a place where you could hide from the Nazis :)
No. This is the first time I have heard this suggestion, and I believe it would puzzle Holocaust survivors. I agree with the above answer, the holocaust was not a child getting spanked. It was massive murder of millions of men, women & children. If your entire family & all you friends had been murd…ered, would that make you a better person? I think it did make the Jews stronger. During the holocaust, the Jews followed the Germans orders like lambs being lead to slaughter. When the war was over, the Jews realized they were without a real home and most of them decided to go back to the Middle East. There they fought the British and the Palestinians that lead to formation of the State of Israel. If they had not suffered the hardships of the Holocaust, I do not believe Israel would be a nation now. ( Full Answer )
People who helped hide Jewish familes during the Holocaust were either killed or sent to a concentration camp. They were treated as the Jews were if they were caught.
Hitler wanted to kill basically anyone that didn't fit his model of perfection (he wanted to create a "master race", like handicapped people and gypsies. He also killed the people who opposed his plan and helped hide jews. This act was very racist indeed and killed almost 6 million jews.
Hitler made it sound as if all Jewish people were the causes for the worlds problems and they were to blam for everything. Blacks, gypsies and others were killed simply because they were different and Hitler didn't like it.
They had to find a place for the Jews to stay, they ran the risk of being caught by the Nazis, and if they were caught they were killed or sent to a concentration camp.
6 million Jews killed 7 million other undesirables killed in camps 25 million soldiers and civilians killed in war
- Disease. Typhus was rampant in concentration/death camps because the Jews were forced to live so close together. - Gassing. Many Jews who were placed in gas chambers actually believed they were getting a shower. Cruelly, the Germans would supply them no water. Once they were inside, they p…oured the deadly toxin Zyklon-B into openings in the roof. It was a slow, painful death. It could take up to 10 minutes depending on where you stood in the gas chambers. - Grave digging. Perhaps the cruelest disposal method of Nazi Germany was having the Jews dig their own graves. They would make square holes, 6ft by 3ft. When they finished digging, the Germans had them stand in front of it. They then shot them, usually in the head. - Gossip and suspicion. Sometimes, if a Jew was thought to be conspiring with the Nazis for extra food or better treatment, he would be hung in the night by other Jews. And since the suicide rate was so high in death camps, the Nazis shrugged it off as another self-inflicted death. - Insubordination. If you so much as breathed the wrong way, it could cost you one of three punishments: A bullet in your head, a trip to the gas chambers, or sonderkommando duty. Sonderkommandos were the Jewish teams of 3-4 men that worked the creamation ovens. They would burn the corpses of their family and friends, and sometimes even burned live victoms. Many of these men were severely psychologically damaged after the war. - Firing Squads. It wasn't uncommon for groups of Jews to be gunned down into mass graves. And these weren't small groups. Groups of thirty or forty would be forced to line up on the edge of a large hole, and then would be shot into it and covered with dirt. The attrocities committed by the Nazis are unspeakable. I myself had to stop writing a few times because this is so horrid. ( Full Answer )
None. The meaning of a word is its use, not its etymology. The word antisemtic is an artificial 'code word' for anti-Jewish. It does not mean '' hostility to speakers of Semitic languages'.
The young (under age 15), the old, pregnant women and the sick were usually killed as soon as practical after arrival.
basically none. The gypsies also suffered a genocide under the Nazis where they lost a greater proportion of their people.
No, some of them escaped and others lived in countries that were not directly affected by the Holocaust.
There has been a lot of changes of what people think of the Jews after the Holocaust. Many people dislike Jews because they believe these "stories" of what they did to Christians. Also since the Holocaust was in various parts of Europe, many did not like the Jews because of the madness they brought …in. They were assaulted by "white supremacists" and still are today,(even by ordinary people). A great number of people think Jews control the world's money, media, the future, etc. There's even a book on what Jews plan to do to the world and it's called "The Protocols". The book refers to antisemitism though, so the author must hate Jews explaining why using his own opinions to back up his thoughts. ( Full Answer )
The unfortunate issue about the Holocaust is that we call the six million Jews as Jews because that is what the Nazis called them. In actual fact many of the victims did not call themselves Jews, but they were killed as Jews for being Jewish. At the same time and in the same places many other peo…ple were being killed, for example the gypsies suffered a genocide, they were sent to the gas chambers in the same way, or massacred in pits or ditches (etc) in the same way, but it is a dis-service to them to just be considered an add-on to the Jewish tradgedy. There were also other groups who were arrested and were sent to concentration camps, but they did not live under the fear of sumary execution, they were afforded better treatment and cucially better food and they were not sent to the gas chambers. ( Full Answer )
yes some Jews were working for the Nazi in the Ghettos. During the Ghetto uprisings, Jewish Ghetto police and German soldiers were the most likely to be attacked
The Jews were outsiders you could say...I guess it's kind of like that one person who you don't like very much but you can deal with them.. they could have been very liked by the people but I highly douby
Some of the people that were hiding in the Holocaust died, while others were sent to concentration camps. Though brutal, some Jews survived.
It's hard for any country to accept a massive amount of immigrants...(even though the Jews were actually citizens of many of the countries that rejected them...) whether it be Jews, Irish, Rwandan refugees etc....a country must decide its policy regarding immigrants... During the Holocaust all …the Jews were forced out of their homes all over Europe and gathered into concentration camps... after WW2 ended Many Jews had no where to turn, The European countries had been hit by the war and did not like the idea of letting in an influx of people....Many Jews were scared/ turned off by staying in post Nazi Europe and feared for their safety...many fled to the US, Australia, and many other countries...including Israel...where there was always a Jewish presence...even before it was a British mandate and even through the crusades and back 4000 years) ( Full Answer )
That is a matter of semantics, historians say no one, that the gypsies suffered their own genocide. But for us who know less, we like to call all of the victims of the Nazis as victims of the Holocaust. _____ The trouble is that there are at least two competing definitions of the Holocaust… . Practically all professional historians use the term specifically for the Nazi genocide of the Jews in World War 2. However, there is also a popular definition, especially in the US, which includes all victims of mass murder by the Nazis and even groups that the Nazis persecuted. As far as I'm aware, (partial) public funding for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) led other groups that had suffered - often grievously - under the Nazis to claim that they should be included. Soon it became a bit of a bandwagon. Please see the related question. ( Full Answer )
Between 11 and 17 million people died during the Holocaust. Of those who died six million were Jews. Who were the others who died and why don't we have a monument to those people?
homosexuals handicapped gypsies are some types of people who got killed ___________ By far the largest group of victims after the Jews was Soviet prisoners of war - something that doesn't go down well in America.
In the Holocaust the Jews had no rights at all . They didn't even have the right to exist.
No, most were jews, but there were, homosexuals and gypysies. Maybe a few germans aswell.
People (french, polish, ect.) would hide Jewish people in attics basements and special places not easily found.
Beside Jews, the Nazis murdered: . -Roma/Sinti (Gypsies, Romanies) . -Freemasons . -Opponents of the Nazis, including communists, socialists, labor leaders and people who opposed the Nazis on religious grounds . -Soviet political advisers ('Politruks') . -Soviet prisoners of war (with 3.3 mil…lion to 3.5 million killed, this was by far the -largest group after the Jews) . -Resistance fighters . -'Unco-operative' Poles . -Polish academics and other intellectuals and other members of the Polish elite . -Gays . -Jehovah's Witnesses . -Various incurables (mental and physical) . -Social 'misfits' (for example, prostitutes and people with no fixed address, beggars, the 'unemployable') ( Full Answer )
Zero, the Holocaust refers to the Nazi actions against the Jews. There were many other people murdered during thid period, including the attempted genocide of many types of Gypsy, which suffered proportionately greater losses than the Jews, but this and other actions are separate from the Holocau…st. ( Full Answer )
People that were killed during the Holocaust in addition to the millions of Jews were the Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, and people with disabilities. Also killed were Gypsies, Poles, Soviet POWs, and slaves in Eastern Europe.
There were two other groups of people who were marked forextermination. They are often talked about as being part of theHolocaust, but really they were their own tragedies. Before the Holocaust there was a programme to eliminate the'useless eaters' those who could not take care of themselves andwere… a burden on society, namely the mentally and physicallydisabled. Also the gypsies, or rather specific types of gypsy were rounded upand held in camps. Towards the end of the war they were liquidated. ( Full Answer )