How did Lincoln's plan for reconstruction compare to Johnson's?
Reconstruction did not occur during the Civil War. Reconstruction was after the terrible destruction of the war. And reconstruction was not entirely successful, despite what that chapter in the history book tells you. Reconstruction first started with lincolns plan. It failed. Congress then tried a plan, but Lincoln pocket vetoed it. Johnston then tried a plan, but failed, then congress came up with a new plan and suceeded.
How was President Johnson's reconstruction plan similar and different from President Lincolns ten percent plan?
How had Lincoln hoped to accomplish Reconstruction and what modifications did Johnson make to Lincolns original plan?
They believed that his reconstruction plan, the 10% Plan, was too lenient on the former Confederate States. His plan concluded that only 10% of a state's population had to pledge allegiance with the U.S. to gain statehood again. They believed that the Freedmen population, who would gain their right to vote, would fill the 10% needed to gain statehood and the original seceders would not be the ones pledging.
The main difference was that Lincoln wanted to have everyone free (someone please edit this to say more on Lincoln's plan) but Johnson wanted to give every state the choice on what to do with their freed slaves. Johnson didn't let any African American occupy a government position, nor did he let them vote. He even said "This is a country for white men, and by God, as long as I am President, it shall…
The provisions of Lincoln's Plan of Reconstruction were incorporated into a peace convention, which the Radical Republicans and the officers of the federal government found too much favourable towards the former Confederate States. In few words they thought that the war had not been fought to end in what it would have meant a virtual recognition of Southern sovereignty.