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The final Allied push towards the German border began on October 17, 1918. As the British, French and American armies advanced, the alliance between the Central Powers began to collapse. Turkey signed an armistice at the end of October, Austria-Hungary followed on November 3.

Germany began to crumble from within. Faced with the prospect of returning to sea, the sailors of the High Seas Fleet stationed at Kiel mutinied on October 29. Within a few days, the entire city was in their control and the revolution spread throughout the country. On November 9 the Kaiser abdicated; slipping across the border into the Netherlands and exile. A German Republic was declared and peace feelers extended to the Allies. At 5 AM on the morning of November 11 an armistice was signed in a railroad car parked in a French forest near the front lines.

The terms of the agreement called for the cessation of fighting along the entire Western Front to begin at precisely 11 AM that morning. After over four years of bloody conflict, the Great War was at an end.

Official Radio from Paris - 6:01 A.M., Nov. 11, 1918. Marshal Foch to the Commander-in-Chief.

1. Hostilities will be stopped on the entire front beginning at 11 o'clock, November 11th (French hour).

2. The Allied troops will not go beyond the line reached at that hour on that date until further orders. [signed]

MARSHAL FOCH 5:45 A.M.

'Well - fini la guerre!' said Colonel Greely.

AnswerThe fighting ended with the signing of an armistice (which is a fancy word for cease fire) which went into effect at 11:00 a.m. on November 11, 1918. It required the German forces to evacuate their positions and return to Germany. I think maybe they had to leave their artillery and other heavy weapons behind. After that a formal peace treaty was developed by the victorious powers at Versailles, France and Germany and Austria were given the choice of accepting it or continuing the war. Naturally, they accepted.
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