in those 20 years and the next few years continuing up to now aboriginals have gained more and more rights. now they are just like you ad me and can be like everybody else. but it wasn't always this way. in the early 1970s an aboriginal would find it very hard to find a job and therefore most aboriginals lived in poverty. people were very racist at this time and wouldn't let people do certain things because of their skin colour. this started to change in the last 1970's to the early 1980's when famous aboriginals were becoming more and more frequent. aboriginals were getting into parliament. there were aboriginal singers and actors, like Ernie dingo. aboriginals also started going and strikes and rampages fighting for their right to be like everybody else. a lot has happened and now employers will not even look at the skin colour of their employees before hiring them. no body thinks differently about anybody else because their skin colour may be different to yours.
A lot has changed in those 20 years However even now in 2008 these people have to live with a legacy that was bequeathed to them by the mistreatment and sheer injustice that the previous years has place upon them. there is more equal opportunity today but you don't have to move far out of the city's to see the same attitude as has existed for time immemorial only now we cant enslave them any more. yes many more Aboriginal people are fitting into the western way of doing things. but not much has changed it's still a matter of do as we do or suffer the consequences.
Aborigines were NEVER enslaved in Australia. Like the American Indians and other native peoples, alcohol abuse is a major problem in many areas and various initiatives are in place to assist.
Unfortunately, many and varied. To begin with there are MAJOR health and education issues, that are recognised but not addressed. In Central Australia the average mortality rate is 43, a mortality ratethat dates back to 200 years ago. Chronic health problems including; alcohol abuse, drug use, malnutrition, descrimination, police brutality, rape, and assault are regular issues the average Aboriginal population face on a daily basis. Australia is one of the select few countries of having the most unfortunatereputation in the world as have very nearly commited genocide with particular tribes of the Australian Aboriginal population. Our current government the 'Liberal' party's head, Prime Minister John Howard has consistently denied an appeal from the Aboriginal people to recognise the struggles they faced during to and up to the 1970s of something known as 'THE STOLEN GENERATION'. This is where the children of Aboriginals where taken from their parents and forced to intergrate into "WHITE SOCIETY". This created numerous and long term problems for both the children and parents. A recent movie ' Rabbit Proof Fence' outlines some of these issues. Unfortunately the Aboriginal population still struggles with the multitude of mistreatment from their forced, superimoposed society of the Western ( particularly English ) Society.
What did it achieve?The 1970s were a period of some of the most important gains in the history of Aboriginal politics.The Tent Embassy's demands included: an Aboriginal controlled state in the NT; legal title and mining rights to all reserve lands, as well as the land around capital cities; the preservation of sacred sites and compensation for lands lost including a $6 billion down payment. Underlying them was a desire for an end to the policy of assimilation into white society and a demand for self-determination and Aboriginal control over their land, communities and lives.The Whitlam Labour government rode to power at the end of 1972 on the back of social movements, including the Aboriginal rights movement. Whitlam dropped the charges against activists over the Tent Embassy protests and abolished assimilation as official policy, creating the first Department of Aboriginal Affairs. His government also drew up the NT Land Rights Act that was eventually passed under the Liberal Fraser government, which finally gave the Gurindji and many other Aboriginal communities in the NT back their land.These steps were significant gains for Aboriginal people showed the power of political protest to win gains.But the government never fully delivered self-determination or the compensation for dispossession that were demanded in the 1970s. In the decades since the Tent Embassy, subsequent governments have left Aboriginal communities poverty-stricken, under-resourced and disadvantaged.Today there is an attempt to wind back the gains of the past through an ongoing assault on the "rights agenda" and the goal of self-determination for Aboriginal people.The NT Intervention is in many ways a return to the assimilationist policies in place before the 1970s. Communities operate under government control and there is pressure on Aboriginal people to leave their traditional land where the government deems communities "unaviable".Native title has not delivered anything for the majority of Aboriginal people.The Tent Embassy represented the emergence of a mass movement for Aboriginal rights and a layer of radical black activists who rejected the idea that the courts or politely lobbying parliament could win change.The unity between Aboriginal activists and the organised working class was a central feature of the Tent Embassy's successes.A return to these politics today could begin to reverse the backlash against Aboriginal rights.Unknown (2012), Tent Embassy 1972: "Land rights or else"
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