Depends which way the wind was blowing! With the wind behind you, no problem. With the wind against you, 4 possibilities: 1) Tack; most vessels, especially if fore-and-aft rigged, which river boats usually were, can sail at a wide angle into the wind; in a wide river, one can thus go from side to side, put about and go back towards the other side, constantly gaining headway. 2) Club-hauling. Sail across the wind, getting up speed; at the end of the run, drop all sails, turn upwind, and coast for as long as possible. Then up sails and do it all again. 3) If the worst comes to the worst, kedging. Put a small anchor in a boat, send the boat upstream to the length of your cable, drop the anchor, haul in on the cable until you reach the anchor. Meanwhile, the boat has gone ahead with another anchor, and the process can be repeated. 4) If the river is not very wide, tow with horses or oxen (or, in many cases, the wife) from the bank. On particularly fast-flowing rivers, like the Dordogne in France, you simply didn't sail upstream. You built a raftlike boat at the headwaters, loaded it with trade goods, floated down the river, and at the mout sold the trade gooda AND the timber from which the boat was made. Then you got on the horse you'd taken with you and went home.
They pretty much don't. If a sail-only ship is becalmed, or caught without wind, she is at the mercy of the currents until the wind picks up again.
Karfi were, quiet literally long boats. they were the chief viking raiding vessel, and allowed them to sail quickly and up rivers
"Set the yards" means arrange the sails in preparation for leaving the docks/shore/what have you: "make sail" means to actually go out into the ocean/lake. With regards to older sailing vessels (tall ships, square riggers), "man the yards" meant to send men up the mast and out along the yardarm of a square-rigger in preparation to making sail. "Making sail" meant either unfurling the sail from the yardarm, or un-reefing existing sail so as to add more sail.
Wut made ships sail in the wind was that using a persicet sail or flag will pick up the wind and will push the air out and sail..just like u swinging on a swing 
no the santa maria was
A boat can sail into the wind by sailing backwards and forwards (tacking) at an angle to the wind and so making her way up.
Not sure what you mean by "ancient," but some of the larger sailing ships of the late 1700s and early 1800s could make 7 to 10 knots, with some of the speedier ones getting up near 15 knots. Hope that helps.
is called a stern rudder i looked every word up on my paper and found it
For transportation and for trade route purposes.
the river runs south to north, so you would be sailing against the current if you attempted to sail straight up form the south.
There is definitely two ways of doing things in this world; the Eastern (Oriental) way and the Western (Occidental) way. Eastern ships used square rigged sails whilst Western ships did not. It's now being discovered that the "ancient" Chinese may have sailed into North America (stone anchors have been found up some of the rivers in North America).It appears that both Oriental & Occidental mariners were capable of sailing into the wind. Who was first? Might have to experiment with some model ships: if the Chinese square rigged vessels can sail into the wind...then there's your answerANSWER: YesGot it right out of my social studies book.
Time sailing depends due to winds, but it could take up to a week
A sailing boat can not sail directly upwind, sail at about 45 degrees to the wind and tack (turn the boat through the wind) to the other side of the wind and continue in this zig-zag manner up wind.
Mostly when you're tacking up-wind, its the force that call bellow the sail in the direction traveled.
Tower Bridge is raised to allow large ships to sail up the Thames.
Marine Engineering is an amazing field. It not only has practical applications should you loose your license to sail or are unable to for some reason, but there is a great job security. As long as ships are sailing, and deckies are screwing up, engineers will always be needed.
You may mean "By and Large" - meaning steering a course as far downwind as possible, keeping the sails full and the boat speed up. The answer above is completely wrong. One cannot sail both by and large at the same time since they mean opposite things. Sailing by the wind (i.e., sailing by) means sailing as close to the wind as possible. In other words, sailing into the wind. Sailing large means sailing before the wind. That is, sailing with the wind blowing from the aft quarter. So it is impossible to sail both by and large at the same time since that would require sailing in two opposite directions at once.
it started with the sailing ships back in Egypt, and then windmills up to Europe
Giovanni da Verrazzano's ship was named La Dauphine, although he left escorted by three other ships, they soon split up, with the other ships sailing off to try and plunder any Spanish ships they ran across.
Halyards are used on a sailing vessel to haul up sails. One end is connected to the top of the sail (the head) and it is led up to the top of the mast, through a block (pulley) and back down. Pulling down on the halyard pulls the sail up. With larger sails a winch is used to assist. When the sail is up all the way, the halyard is 'made fast' or 'cleated.'
For a short period of time [1 or 2 hours] the could sail up to 20 knots/h
to go up rivers and creeks to attack unsuspecting people
They were also shallow keeled, which allowed the boats to sail/row far up rivers.
Having a shallow draught, Viking longboats allowed for sailing or rowing up shallow rivers.
Odysseus does not intentionally sail to the land of the Cyclops but ends up there when sailing home, possibly sent by the gods, or by Fate herself.