How did the Articles of Confederation ensure equality among the several states?
All of the states, except Georgia, ceded their western lands to the national government, under the Articles of Confederation. The purpose was so that all states could share in the wealth of the western lands, not just the original states. Virginia was the first to cede western lands and in doing so established the idea that free republican institutions could not survive in one large nation. The purpose was to see new states carved out of the western lands so that all would enjoy the system of a republic type of government. The Northwest Ordinances of 1784 and 1787 provided for the creation of equal, self governing states in the area known as the Northwest Territories. The Ordinances, under the Articles, meant that no original state would obtain and own colonies. All states, new and those to be created, would be equal.
The Articles of Confederation did not have a strong central/national government. Although they were able to create laws, there was no way for them to support them and ensure that they were followed. The Shays Rebellion was the turning point in American History when people realized that they needed a stronger central government to keep the peace and to get things done.
One view: Well, back then when the states, when the articles confederation was written, the government did not really care about what was going on in the states, fighting, debt etc. Another view: One example would be the Food and Drug Administration, a federal authority to ensure the safety of food and pharmaceuticals, and thereby ensure the well-being of the people.
Why did many delegates to the constitution convention think that the constitution was a much-needed improvement over the articles of concederation?
The (arguably) reason was that the articles of confederation were intended for a single purpose; the overthrow of an insensitive government, and after this was completed they were not intended to go any further. The articles, and rebellion that followed, stood as proof that the states needed each other more than some wanted to admit; to ensure their continued safety. It was hotly debated at the time for the necessity of a "Federal Government" but…
Similarities of Articles & Constitution While it soon became obvious that the government under the Articles of Confederation was not equiped to governed the new nation, there were, on paper at least, some similarities in powers granted to the government under the Articles and the Constitution. This is not to say that the government under the Articles was able to make use of all these powers, as there were too many weaknesses present in the…