History of England
War and Military History

How did the English Civil War start?

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2012-07-03 18:19:51

The English Civil started in 1642 and ended in 1651. The

conflict was between the monarch, Charles I, and the

Parliamentarians, mainly led by Oliver Cromwell. Although, Charles

and Parliament had never agreed with each other, the war was

officially declared after the Grand Remonstrance. This was an act

passed by Parliament demanding the Charles got rid of the

Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud, bishops and the Earl of

Stafford.

In the lead up to the war, Charles was constantly asking

Parliament to raise more money for him to fund his lavish

lifestlye. Parliament agreed to give him one seventh of his demand,

raised through the Poll Tax. This angered Charles and he raised a

new tax called Ship Tax. (Note: Ship Tax is an extra tax on the

coastal counties to raise money for ship-building in a wartime) The

majority of the general public was on Parliament's side after

Charles introduced Ship Tax in a peacetime to the whole

country.

Parliament didn't like baron and one of Charles' closest

friends, the Earl of Strafford, because he encouraged the decision

to introduce Ship Tax.

Parliament didn't like Archbishop Laud because England was a

Protestant country. Laud made some reforms to the church when he

came to power that were more like Catholic practices. Then Charles

married Catholic, French princess, Henrietta Maria, so Parliament

was scared that Charles would make England Catholic again.

The English Civil started in 1642 and ended in 1651. The

conflict was between the monarch, Charles I, and the

Parliamentarians, mainly led by Oliver Cromwell. Although, Charles

and Parliament had never agreed with each other, the war was

officially declared after the Grand Remonstrance. This was an act

passed by Parliament demanding the Charles got rid of the

Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud, bishops and the Earl of

Stafford.

In the lead up to the war, Charles was constantly asking

Parliament to raise more money for him to fund his lavish

lifestyle. Parliament agreed to give him one seventh of his demand,

raised through the Poll Tax. This angered Charles and he raised a

new tax called Ship Tax. (Note: Ship Tax is an extra tax on the

coastal counties to raise money for ship-building in a wartime) The

majority of the general public was on Parliament's side after

Charles introduced Ship Tax in a peacetime to the whole

country.

Parliament didn't like baron and one of Charles' closest

friends, the Earl of Strafford, because he encouraged the decision

to introduce Ship Tax.

Parliament didn't like Archbishop Laud because England was a

Protestant country. Laud made some reforms to the church when he

came to power that were more like Catholic practices. Then Charles

married Catholic, French princess, Henrietta Maria, so Parliament

was scared that Charles would make England Catholic again.


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