How did the Nazis know if you were Jewish?

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Short answer:1. Most Jews made no secret of their identity.
2. In Germany and Austria anyone 'suspected' of being Jewish was asked to produce evidence that they were not Jewish, for example, by producing certificates of baptism for all four grandparents.
3. In many other countries the Nazis relied on informers and in Poland and most East European countries the majority of Jews lived in obviously Jewish communities.  Detailed Answers Although it may seem hard it was really quite easy. The German soldiers would walk into a Jewish Temple and get the membership list. It was that easy.  ___ They went to synagogues and told the rabbis to give him the list of Jews at the temple.  ___ In Germany itself, from 1933 onwards, a large section of the population had to prove that it was NOT Jewish. For most purposes one had to produce certificates of baptism for oneself, one's parents and grandparents, all showing infant baptism. All over Germany, priests and pastors got letters asking for certificates of baptism and it is to their shame that the churches obliged!
There was a bitter joke that circulated in Germany at the time: 'What kind of women do German men like best?' Answer: 'No, not blondes. Aryan grandmothers!'   If someone was under suspicion he/she had to deliver the "ariernachweis" which traced the pedigree back three generations. In WWII there were some (mostly White Russian) "physiognomes" who claimed they could detect ashkenazim (eastern Jews) facial features, so they would denounce them to the Nazis. The latter I've read about in connection with southern France.


The above doesn't really address this very important question all that well. Some of the things I would point out are below...please add to them - there are many more.
The identification, or singling out, the entire process was gradual, not done in just one swoop. There were a number of progressive steps over years. There wasn't just an announcement "all Jews report to the station and prepare for extermination".
The prevalent steroetypes were well known and exploited.
The Jews in Eastern Europe and the Balkans at the time were for the most part not as assimilated as those you see in the US and many other places now. They were generally much more of the Orthodox type you can still sometimes see, which are easily identified by their dress and style. Also, they weren't fact they were proud of being Jewish and would say so if asked. They were generally members of an identifiable community and attended a Temple, had certain days of worship, dress and traditions (like eating only kosher foods) that made them easy to identify. Then as now, most people are not going to deny their religion easily.
However, at first it was just stirring up hatred toward the Jews by the society that helped identify and isolate them. Then, step by step, making things they would do illegal or something you had to register to do, requiring them to live certain places, identify themselves (rememebr they were law abiding people), not allowing them to work (and as others wanted the jobs, others would ID them), and more that hepled the government know who they were. Many non-jews, as anti-semitisim was considered proper and even promoted, would make sure anyone they knew to be a Jew was identified. Even being a Jewish "sympathiser" (growing to be someone who didn't expose hate toward them) wasn't accepted - laws were passed requiring neighbors to report anyone they knew was a Jew or sympathiser and not doing so itself was punishable. (Obviously, the penalties could be horrific). Rewards, frequently that the one turning a Jew in would get to keep much of the Jews property were common. Certainly some people were wrongly identified as Jews, because of something like having a big nose or having ever been seen going to a Jewish area or business. Many were "set up" by others who had a score to settle. Being mean, even killing Jews was OK - and unfortunatley then, as now, there were many people who just wanted to be mean.
Identifying one, identified the family - not just by custom, but because the family wouldn't abandon one of its own.
Certainly many mis-identifications were made, based on predjuces and stereotypes, like having a large nose, or such.
They were required at one time to move into and only live in certain areas - or ghettos. Anyone in there was able to be presumed to be a Jew. Not allowed to work, etc.
Remember, they were, and were (perhaps) fearful but also proud of being Jewish.
Neighbors turned them in...and were rewarded for doing so, being frequently given much of the family's belongings. (Yes, again there were many instances of someone lying to get revenge on another).
That even progressed to NOT reporting one you suspected as being punishable as treason...and you and your family could be taken away or killed as a "jew sympathizer".
Jewish men, then and now, were circumsized. The Nazi official could require anyone, anywhere, to drop their pants and prove they weren't Jewish.
Many Jews followed certain customs, laws and rituals that would expose them or could be used to do so- if they keep Kosher for example - forcing them to eat pork was vile and offensive, even phyiscally impossible for someone brought up to avoid it. Wearing a yamulkhe or prayer shawl was a dead giveaway.
Having any "Jewish things" in your house, prayer books, picture of "obviously Jewish" relatives, all were enough proof. (And consider Jews are required to have a mezzuah with a certain prayer on the doorposts of their house).  Further points The process of identification was different in different parts of Europe.
1. Germany and (from March 1938) Austria
From April 1933 onwards Jews were banned from various kinds of work and activities, starting with the dismissal of Jews employed in the public sector. Then, later that month a large number of Jews were expelled from the German universities on 'racial' grounds. Then Jews were forbidden to run theatres or act ... So, how did the authorities actually pick the individuals?
Already before the Nazis came to power people in many parts of Germany were intensely Jew-conscious. 'Is he/she one [a Jew]?' was considered very interesting and very spicy. (The situation was very different from that in modern Britain, for example).
When it came to picking people out, co-workers and bosses in that Jew-conscious society generally had a pretty good idea of who was a Jew or of Jewish origin. In the cases referred to, the authorities dismissed the people they thought were Jews. The victims of these acts of discrimination then had the option of proving they weren't Jews. This involved producing the notorious Ariernachweis ('Aryan certificate') based on certificates of baptism for the parents and grandparents. On the whole, the authorities included people they though might be Jewish, and then let them produce evidence to the contrary.
In Germany, the Nazis were particularly bothered about 'secret Jews'. Nazi propganda worked with conspiracy theories that claimed that there were ethnic Jews lurking, so to speak, in all kinds of unlikely places, with fingers on just about every imaginable lever of power. So the tendency was to require more people than necessary to produce those certificates. The work involved was at times almost crippling for the Protestant and Roman Catholic Churches in Germany, but they collaborated in this shameful exercise.  2. Occupied countries in Western Europe The Nazis relied heavily on collaborators. In Antwerp, Belgium, for example the Nazis asked the city council for a list of Jews and the council was only too delighted to provide a fairly full list ...
Here too there was an obsession was with 'secret Jews', with atheists, Communists, with perhaps one or two Jewish grandparent.
As mentioned above, roundups took place in stages, often by category (for example, stateless Jews first).
In France the government had already done some of the rounding up as many refugees from Nazi Germany were interned in camps ...
Nevertheless, in France and Belgium the Nazis were not on home ground and the proportion of people who managed to escape deportation to the death camps was higher than in Germany, for example.  3. Occupied Eastern Europe Here the Nazis had least difficulty. The vast majority of Jews were Orthodox and followed their religion, often meticulously. There had been much less intermarriage with Christians than for example in Germany, and Jews often lived in recognizable communities.
(In most occupied territories, research on grandparents was usually not practical or was considered too cumbersome and time-consuming; and there were also linguistic problems).

There were degrees of being Jewish (half Jew for, obviously, one parent Jewish the other not) and there was also the problem of some one converting to another faith, perhaps generations ago, which the Church might defend. All of this made for some grey areas for the Nazis in deciding who was to be deported. There were sometimes well known figures protected (and sometimes not , Harry Gold a famous Polish composer died in Treblinka, Sigmund Freud's sisters, and so on).

The Nazis also used census returns and there were of course records kept of church and synagogue members, marriages, military and everything else just like today.

The "Jewish councils" (Judenrats) also helped prepare lists for those to be deported to the extermination camps --a certain number, say 5,000, was demanded on a given day and they hoped they could placate Nazi demands or "save some" by working for the German war cause, for instance. None of this helped in the end, since they were dealing with one of the most bloodthirsty group of fanatics ever.

See the related question.
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How did the Nazis define who was Jewish?

The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 established the following categories: . 'Full Jew': Three or more Jewish grandparents . 'Mixed race 1st degree': Two Jewish grandparents . 'Mixed race 2nd degree': One Jewish grandparent All adherents of Judaism counted as Jews, regardless of parentage. _____ ( Full Answer )

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Answer . \nThe Natzis simply tortured and killed the jews.THey were sent to concentraton camps where they had to work all day and at the endof the day, for instance, a nazi officer gather them and simply shoots a group of them, and the next day the same procdure continues.Jews were looked upon ( Full Answer )

What did the Nazis do with Jewish hair?

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Why did Hitler and the Nazis hate Jewish people?

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How did the nazi identify people who were Jewish?

In the concentration camps everyone including Jews were identified by the star of david, different colours mens different groups of people e.g. if someone is wearing a Yellow Star, that means that they're Jewish people.

Where did the Jewish hide from Nazis?

some of the Jewish people were hiding in the non JEWISH people houses They would also hide in bunkers to avoid being caught. At times so many people made the bunker that someone would rat them out to spare there own lives. Try reading Island on bird street it would help your question.

Why did the Nazi hate Jewish?

The Nazis and a number of other groups hated the Jews because theJews considered themselves so completely separate from society. Thereligion and even the race was considered to be inferior to otherraces.

How do you know if you are Jewish?

The Jewish bloodline is passed from the mother, so if your mother is Jewish you are. That's why Isla Fisher (Confessions of a shopaholic) converted to Judaism so her daugther with Sasha Baren Cohen could be Jewish. Ask your parents.

How did the Nazi Soldiers find the Jewish people?

in cattle cars and on trains That's where they put them, but finding them wasn't difficult as they mostly lived in their own quarter of each town/city, and those who didn't were in many cases betrayed by their non-Jewish neighbours.

Why did the Nazis tattoo Jewish prisoners?

It was permanent.* It was cheap.* It was degrading.* It helped the Nazis keep tabs on prisoners.Obviously, the tattooed numbers were only given to prisoners selected for work. Moreoever, it was used only at the Auschwitz group of camps.

What did Nazis do with Jewish people's stuff?

Anything of any use or value was recycled and/or sold.. Incidentally, there was no budget for the Holocaust and the gassings and transportation to the camps, etc. were paid for in this way!

When did the war between Jewish and Nazis began?

This question is odd. It is formulated in a way that suggests there was an actual war between 'the Jews' and the Nazis. There was the Holocaust, in which the Nazis murdered about 6 million harmless and defenceless Jews. That began in late 1941/early 1942.. The idea that there was an actual war betw ( Full Answer )

How did the Nazis torture Jewish women?

they undressed them put them like in a jail and killed them and the ones that were pregnant got they're babies taken out ahead of time killed the babies and the women sometimes they even got raped if they weren't pregnant. A2: Jewish women were hardly ever raped due to the fact that if caught the so ( Full Answer )

How did the Nazis dehumanize Jewish people?

they killed them because of how they looked and they wanted to trymany experiments with them because they really dint care about themand they wanted to try blonde with blue eyes so they did so manyexperiments on them and they also killed them if they weredisabled, ill , or if they were very smart th ( Full Answer )

Why would the Nazi murder the Jewish?

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How did they know who was Jewish?

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How many nazi soldiers were Jewish?

Some were quarter or half Jews or had some vague Jewish link, such as a wife of partly Jewish origin. See the link.

What criteria did the Nazis use to determine Jewishness?

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How did the Nazi attack the Jewish community?

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Are there any Nazi soldiers claiming to be Jewish?

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Is it true that some Nazis were Jewish?

Some Nazis had Jewish blood only a generation or two back, yes. Hitler had Borman check into his own lineage early in the Third Reich. Borman reported back that there was a one-in-four chance that Hitler had a Jewish grandparent.

What were some Jewish laws in Nazi Germany?

couldn't go to movies and other public places, escpecially school. they had to go to a separate school for the Jews. also Jewish shops were closed, and plus just the discrimination from non-Jews toward the Jews. kind of like racism right after slavery ended.

Is the Nazi treatment of the Jewish people fair?

Are you kidding me? The Germans before and during the war, systematically brutalized the Jewish people. Before the war, they inaugurated the Nuremberg Laws in 1935, that severally restricted what German Jews could and could not do. They were disbarred from the legal systems, they couldn't marry non- ( Full Answer )

How did the Nazis get Jewish peoples names?

jewish people had to turn themselves in to get a gold jewish star to put on all their clothes and they went from there (if you didn't turn yourself in they would look at you and assume)

How did the Nazis found Jewish?

snooping around, questioning people, possibly torturing a few. sometimes they didn't even get real Jews, they just used the excuse that they were Jews to get them out of the way. people didn't put up too much of a fight because Jews were somewhat despised in Europe at the time because they were weal ( Full Answer )

What did the Nazis do with the Jewish gold?

Upon their arrival to the camps, the Nazis took all gold from the Jews, including golden teeth. The dental gold was melted down to make new teeth or it was sold to Neutral and other Axis Countries in exchange of either Money, Resources or man power.

When did Nazis begin Jewish executions?

Exact dates, as indicated by the war crimes trials in Nuremberg, may vary, however there is evidence that the Nazi's began using firing squads to execute Jews in Poland beginning as early as December, 1939.

Are there Jewish Nazis?

Yes. Although there are very few of them. Jewish Nazis have animmense amount of self-hatred and internal disgust, usually seeingthe embrace of Nazism as the way of paying penance for the "crime"of being a Jew.

Where did the Nazis imprison Jewish people?

Jews were first imprisoned in 'Jewish quarters' of certain cities,or 'ghettos' as they would be known. Later they were imprisoned in camps, be they labour, transit orconcentration camps.

Why did the Jewish people kill the Nazis?

You have that backwards. The Nazis killed the Jews by the millionsduring the holocaust. Few civilian Jews killed the Nazis. Duringthe Polish uprising of Jews in Warsaw, the civilian Jews armedthemselves and fought against the German soldiers trying to murderthem.

What is an example of Jewish resistance to the Nazis?

One example of Jewish resistance was 'go slow'. Jews were used asslave labour and as they could not refuse to work, on pain ofdeath; what they could do was work as slowly as they could, ofcourse risking punishment.