How did the beginning of agriculture and the domestication of animals promote the rise of settled communities?
Before agriculture people lived in small communities of less
than 50 members. They were generally hunters and gatherers, mostly
gatherers. When prehistoric man began to understand the connection
between the fruit that they eat and the tree that it comes from,
they began to plant seeds. This allowed them to have a semi-annual
food supply. They eventually began to grow cereal crops like corn,
rice or grain. These could be stored for longer periods and give a
year round food supply. The domestication of animals provided the
necessary protein and fat that could not usually be found in most
plant materials. These advances allowed mankind to set up permanent
settlements in areas that were conducive to agriculture and
livestock. In areas desert like areas there are still hunting and
gathering cultures existing today. Such as the tuareg of the
-Much like most of prehistory this is conjecture formed through research and not experience.
Is it true domestication of animals and plants through history has enabled humankind to improve their lifestyle?
Farming and domestication does not always lead to farming but it can. If and when a group of people start to farm and domesticate plants and also animals then that is an indication of settlement. Further development of the settlement because of agriculture (farming and the domestication of plants) can potentially lead to a civilization.
Domestication of some animals (e.g. dogs) may go back more than 50000 years. Shortly after the end of the last ice age (about 11700 years ago) the development of agriculture and domestication of farm animals began. This was followed in north Africa and the Middle East by the semidomestication of cats as mouse catchers (later as house cats) to protect grain stores on farms.
Domestication of animals probably began with the taming of wild dogs. In most cases of domestication, humans benefit from the products of the animals (such as meat for food or wool for clothing) or from the animals' services and behaviors (such as horses used for transportation or cats killing pests). Sometimes the animals we domesticate are purely for our enjoyment (like cute guinea pigs and rabbits).
Domestication of plants and animals brought a total change in the agrarian Society. The primitive men lived a nomadic life fruits and roots and flesh of animals were were their food. For want of food they had to travel one place to other. Then one day they learned domestication of plants and animals and from then onwards they settled in a place and society was formed. So the very formation of our society from the…