How did the cold war affect US foreign policy?
Since the start of the cold war, the epic battle against communism has had a tremendous impact on U.S. foreign policy. The resulting arms race and nuclear proliferation had made a direct confrontation between the United States and the FSU (former Soviet Union) or Russian Republics a catastrophe. However, the enmity between the East and West was vented in another way that became a hallmark of the Cold War: vicarious combat.
A fixture of cold war politics was the situation in which the superpowers would square off using third-world proxies, rather than direct confrontation. An excellent example is the (first) Afghanistan war, in which the Soviets fought fiercely against the Afghanis, who were supplied and trained by the United States. Another example is the Cuban Missile Crisis, when Khrushchev used Cuba to harass the United States by deploying Russian ballistic missiles to the island nation. The U.S. support for the Contrarevolucionistas (Contras) was also staged to square off in a chess match against the Soviets, using third-world pawns. The recurring theme throughout the classical Cold War period was one of suspicion and divisiveness on the part of both superpowers; the ultimate end of this maneuvering was to draw more nations into their own respective orbits.
This chess game resulted in many persistent features of our modern world, which continue to affect U.S. foreign policy today, and cause persistent diplomatic headaches. Examples include the creation of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as a collective security organization united against the Russian bloc, Warsaw Pact nations, as well as the spread of global communism. Despite Russia and China's evolution beyond the pure Communist ideology of their past, today Cuba's Fidel Castro and Bolivia's Hugo Chavez offer perpetual challenges to be managed. Further, many modern foreign policy snarls can be traced back to their roots during the cold war, when the United States was more concerned about keeping smaller nations out of Moscow's orbit than of nurturing lasting, moral, functioning governments. Thus, by having sown the seeds of despotism, America continues today to find new dilemmas in coping with governments which it hand a hand in creating. Manuel Noriega was a prime example of an American-minted problem dictator.
Ultimately, the result of the Cold War, from embargoed Cuba to Russia's iron curtain, to the Berlin Wall, was a foreign policy that seemed something of a throw-back to earlier strategies of American isolationism. Today, citing China's Most Favored trading partner status, and the good relations between the U.S. and Russia, the strategy of a winner-take-all battle against the East seems to have been abandoned. Instead, modern America seems to acknowledge that shutting out the enemy only spurns and motivates him; Rather, the way to an enemy's heart is through his wallet. Globalization is the key to bringing rivals to the bargaining table.
It's a case of the carrot working better than the stick.
Soviet foreign policy was essentially the cause of the Cold War. Their ambition to forcefully take countries and demolish the free market motivated the conflict. Read More
what idea was the major justification for U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War era? Read More
The Cold War ended in 1990 and is no longer a current foreign policy concern, with the possible exception of North Korea, which is in some ways carrying on the war. Read More
The US foreign policy during the Cold War was the Truman Doctrine, which was to prevent the expansion of communism to new nations. In other words, containment. Read More
the cold war Read More
Containment, opposition to communism. Read More
The War Powers Act substantially limited the ways that the Executive could use the military to overtly affect foreign policy and would require a shift to increased diplomacy. Read More
the end of the cold war. Read More
we didn't Read More
How did the cold war affect the following foreign policy domestic politics and civil liberties To what degree were Ronald Reagan's policies responsible for American victory in the Cold War?
There was no American victory in the Cold War. No one won it. The fact that both Communist nations and Communist ones exist today is proof. Read More
the foreigan palicy goale changed the cold war by saving the farm animals and saving the army Read More
Among other things, schooling was more heavily financed because of the Cold War with an emphasis on math and science, and foreign languages, in order to produce a generation that could better compete with the Soviets internationally. Read More
The Middle East and China. Read More
What was the name of the foreign policy that was established in the cold war in the event of a soviet attack?
Massive retaliation Read More
What was the name of the US foreign-policy decide to stop the spread of communism during the cold war?
It was a policy of containment to stop communism. Read More
very much Read More
Wars and Covert Operations Read More
Massive retaliation. Read More
That God and do your work love onee! Read More
The Cold War. Read More
In foreign policy President Eisenhower kept the containment policy in the Cold War and ended the Korean War. Read More
Had to fight a limited war; limited to NON-atomic weapons. Read More
JFK's Cold War foreign policy was called containment. The US did not attempt to overthrow existing communist governments but it did not want to allow any non-communist nations to be taken over by communism. The spread of communism was to be contained. Read More
Antiwar protests convinced U.S. leaders that voters did not support aggressive foreign policy. Read More
WARS AND COVERT OPERATIONS Read More
Since the end of the cold war which region of the world has shaped American foreign policy the most?
middle east Read More
Latin America. Read More
To maintain their hegemony as a world power (superiority) while avoiding a full out nuclear war Read More
Opening diplomatic relations with China Read More
Dank, most likely Read More
Sean W. Burges has written: 'Brazilian foreign policy after the Cold War' -- subject(s): Foreign relations Read More
There wasn't any foreign policy before World War I. Read More
It was affected because they needed food and the us helped them Read More
The United States foreign-policy, from 1902 the outbreak of World War I, was a policy of isolation. This. The United States foreign-policy did not want to intervene into any foreign disputes. Read More
They could not adopt new policies from the United States Read More
(The guy before me was wrong)Its.....They became the only remaining superpowers in the world after the war. Read More
What was Truman's policy to fight the Cold War called Read More
Foreign Policy Read More
PHILIP ROBINS has written: 'SUITS AND UNIFORMS: TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY SINCE THE COLD WAR' Read More
Containment. VN & Korea were containment. Read More
It was used in order to stop the spread of Communism to other countries Read More
Answer this question… It created a formal alliance among democratic nations. Read More
The Cold War (1945 - 1991) Read More
The prevention of communism from spreading to any additional territories Read More