Many people believe that men invented gods because human beings are the only animal that can anticipate problems in the relatively distant future and worry about them. Since humans can't control things like the weather, floods, other natural disasters, sudden military raids, fertility, etc., they made up gods to control these things, then made up ways to control the gods through offerings, contracts, and the like. Most likely, the first prayers were about simply asking the clouds or sky to bring rain, or the wind to stop, or the sun to become warm again. From there, the wind, rain, sun, etc. became gods themselves, and in many cases, were later given anthropomorphic shapes (but not in all cases).
As time progressed, the gods of many pantheons became able to grant favors across a wide spectrum of human endeavor. The issue of asking a god to do a favor, then sacrificing to that god, and not having the favor happen could be attributed to many factors, among them a too-small offering, an incomplete or inaccurate recitation of a ritual, interference from another god whom one has offended, or direct opposition from a different pantheon of gods, for instance, in losing a war.
Monotheism was a brilliant invention that simplified all this into "one-stop shopping." As before, the single, one, true God will protect and provide for his worshipers if the rules are followed, and usually if the rules are followed by all in a given group.
Some wrong information in the answers, above:
1. It is unlikely that Zeus was derived from the Sumerians. He corresponds more closely to other Indo-European sky gods, and was probably brought from whatever land developed proto-Indo-European. It is quite certain that, as societies intermixed, they borrowed myths from each other and attributed those myths to their own gods. It is also quite certain that ancient peoples came to see gods of other cultures as their own gods under different names. But it is not at all certain, or even likely, that all gods originate from Sumer.
2. Homer did not create Greek mythology, though we owe him much for recounting so many myths and gods that would have been lost to us, today, had his poetry not been written down. Homer was clearly working from a much older, oral tradition. Not only does his poetry contain Mnemonic Devices to aid the singer working from memory, but it also contains references to things (like boar's tooth helmets) that didn't exist in his time, but existed earlier. In addition, when Homer breaks strict meter, it is often because the words he is using dropped the "w" at some point, and used to fit the meter, but didn't any longer.
Homer is writing about the Mycenaean period in Greek history, and there are Linear B tablets from that period enumerating some of the gods about which Homer wrote.
3. Troy has quite definitely been found, and it is where Homer said it would be, and his description is remarkably accurate, right down to the location of springs. Troy is at a site called "Hisarlik" in Turkey, on the eastern side of the Dardenelles, just east of the island of Bozcaada.
4. Egypt may have had some influence on very early Greeks, but the Greek gods bear little resemblance to the Egyptian ones, being Indo-European in flavor. Most Greek philosophers did not learn from the Egyptians, who had nothing like the variety of philosophies extant in the Periclean Era and beyond.
5. Every god was and is made up by people. There is no such thing in reality. Get over it already.
Zeus rules the gods
Zeus was the king of the gods in ancient Greek mythology.
in ancient greece the head of the greek gods was zeus , the god of lightning
Zeus was the King of the gods in ancient Greek mythology.See the Related Link.
Zeus was the king of the Greek gods. His wife Hera was the queen.
Zeus was the king of the ancient Greek gods and Jupiter was the god of all gods in roman relgion.
The ancient Olympics were held to honor the Greek gods (especially to honor Zeus).
The leader of the Greek Gods is Zeus.
They were dedicated to the Greek king of the gods, Zeus.
Zeus was the king of the Greek gods in Ancient Greek mythology and was known for his weapon of choice, the lightning bolt.
I think that Zeus and all other Greek gods are friend with each other
Zeus The main god of Ancient Greece is Zeus, who is the King of all the gods. He was also the father of the Greek hero Hercules.
the ancient greek olymic games honored''the father of gods''zeus.
No. He believed in the Ancient Greek Gods, Zeus etc.
If you mean "is he the Christian God"? No. Zeus is far older in origin, in ancient Greek. Zeus was the 'King' of the many Gods in Ancient Greece.
Zeus is the god of the gods
Zeus ----- The Greeks had many gods, most notably Zeus. The ancient Greek word for "god" was "theos".
Zeus is the Greek king of the gods.
Zeus,he was the king of gods and god of the sky.
The ruler of the Greek gods is Zeus.
The ruler of Greek gods is Zeus.
The original Greek Gods were created in ancient Greece by the nomads.They were created to explain the forces of nature and events.Being nomads they had earth gods and sky gods.
well.... they originally started to honor zeus, king of the gods.
The King of the gods Zeus is a god in the ancient Greece. People thought that he made the olympics up. He lived in Mount Olympus. Zeus is a Greek god and is known for being one of the big three gods and is the god of the sky, heavens, and all gods!
Zeus-King of the Greek gods Hera-Queen of the Greek gods and Zeus's wife