This is a somewhat complicated question, because more times than not, the governments have at least been influenced by religion if not controlled by it. For example, Iran is utterly conrolled by the Islamic religion. There is no freedom of faith there. Those who want to covert to Christianity are killed.Islam forms the basis for all areas of government, from the courts to the army.
Catholicism began to really gain strength when the leader of the Roman Empire, a man named Constantine, converted to Christianity in the early 300's. Up until the 1400's, the catholic church was it as far as Christian churches. Constantine made catholicism the official religion of the empire, moving away from the traditional worship of gods like Neptune and Zeus.
When the Roman Empire fell, its vast territories from the middle east,across Northern Africa, and throughout Europe up into Britain were back to coming up with ways to rule themselves. Catholism had spread throughout the entire empire as people traveled for trade or other reasons. The countries that rose up out of the ashes of the empire had many battles to determine who would be their new leaders, and who controlled what lands. One thing that was consistant was religion. Almost all the various kings and governments were beholden to the Church. The Pope in Rome was very much like a new Caesar- his powers as the head of the Church were formidible. Like it does so often, power began to corrupt the leaders of the church. Only the priests were allowed to read the scriptures, for a peasant to do so (assuming he could even read- most could not)was a serious infraction. The reason for this is because the church had begun to teach and to do many things which were not in the Bible. It was because of these practices that Protestantism began. The church was teaching, for instance:1.Jesus literally became the communion wafer during communion. The bible teaches that it is only symbolic of His body. 2.When you die, you have to go to a mythical place called pugatory in order to pay for any sins you forgot to confess. And the only sure way for a quick exit from purgatory is to PAY "indulgences" to a priest, ($), so he'll say a mass for your release.(!!)The bible makes no mention of purgatory, nor indulgences,it does teach that ALL a believers sins are washed away when a person accepts the free- FREE- gift of Christ's death ontheir behalf. It is simple! They sought to complicate it andto profit from it. 3. Mary, as the Mother of Jesus,was conceived without sin, in other words she had a conception like Jesus'. She was assumed bodily into heaven (just like Jesus) and serves a co-redeemer alongside Christ. She is omniscient(Like God) and can hear and respond to billions of prayers, and omnipresent(like God) and be everywhere at once.The bible says absolutely none of the above. These doctines were added centuries later by people who were trying to evangelizegroups who had a very strong attachment to a goddess figure in their worship. They simply substituted Mary in for the goddess. The bible acknowledges Mary as an obedient "handmaid of the Lord" who deserveshonor, not worship. She was a sinner in need of a saviour too. I am sureshe is horrified by those who make images of her which they bow to, and all the people who blindly look to her for answered prayers. THERE ARE MANY OTHER EXAMPLES OF HOW THE CATHOLIC DOCTRINE HAS STRAYED FAR FROM BIBLICAL TRUTH! This is why the reformation had to happen. Martin Luther, a catholic monk, was driving himself crazy trying to be "good enough" to please God. He went through years of torment until God opened his eyes to a basic truth in the book of Romans. None of us is, or ever can be good enough to enter God's presence. Not even Billy Graham or Mother Teresa. The Bible says that our good deeds are "like filthy rags" to God. We have no chance on our owm, which is why Jesus had to come, had to live a sinless life, and had to shed his innocent blood on our behalf to pay the penalty, death, that God requires."The wages of sin is death"- Now all we have to do is gratefully acknowledge this tremendous gift, and accept it by faith. Luther and others thought it was high-time for this simple message of good news to be made available again to all people. There were good priests and bishops at the time, but they were out-numbered and out-shouted by those who had become corrupt. The "Church" did not want these teachings going around, because they meant freedom to the people. Freedom from sin. Freedom from the oppressive requirements of the church. And they certainly did NOT want the low class gutter people to have access to a bible in their own language!! That would wreck everything! But after much persecution and death, that is exactly what happened. The printing press was invented right around the time of the reformation which opened the door to printing bibles in various languages (God's timing is perfect!) and the people were finally discovering for themselves the truths witheld from them. Out of the energy of the reformation, a country called America was begun. The founders wanted to guarantee that all who came here were free to worship as they wish- with no church controlling the government.It was the first country in the world to do so, although England was the first strong country to break ties to the vatican. Henry the 8th was excommunicated from the catholic church because he wanted to divorce his first wife. He said, essentially, "Forget you! I'll just start my OWN church." Protestants were the first immigrants to come to America. It's doctrines are conducive to democracy and freedom of thought. Although the catholic church did eventually make it to America and went on to become a thriving body of believers. But in no way does Rome or the Pope have any power to govern this country. In fact, compared to the power it used to wield and the property it used to own, modern catholicism is a mere shadow of its former self. Reformation had some positive effects on catholicism as well. Many of the more egregious practices protested by Luther in his 95 theses were discontinued-such as the sale of indulgences. I realise this is a lengthy answer, but as I said, it is a complicated question. I hope this provides some insight for you. For further information, look up the history of the christian church, the reformation and Martin Luther. There is a vast amount of free info on the net and in libraries. Best Wishes..........
Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
Religion is a pile of wan* god is not real. God shmod
Catholicism requires Christians to follow a single leader, while Protestantism does not.
Roman Catholicism was founded by Jesus Christ. Until Protestantism, all Christians were what we now call Roman Catholic.
The main religion of Switzerland is Christianity - Protestantism and Roman Catholicism.
Christianity--the three largest groups are: Evangelical Protestantism, followed by Roman Catholicism, then mainline Protestantism.
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Judaism are the major religions in Argentina.
1. Protestantism (mainly Reformed, that is, Calvinist). 2. Roman Catholicism.
Roman Catholicism, Pentecostalism, Evangelicalism, Eastern Orthodoxy and Mainline Protestantism.
It's very diverse, but the two main ones are Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
Roman Catholicism (usually known as Catholicism) is a branch of Christianity so they tend to be the ones who prefer to worship in Roman Cathholic Churches. Alot of people make the mistake of using Christianity and Catholicism interchangeably. There are many branches of Christianity such as Protestantism and Catholicism.
Eastern Orthodoxy is one form of Christianity. Some more may be Roman Catholicism or Protestantism.
Christianity is the dominant religion in Germany. Roman Catholicism and Protestantism each comprise about 31% of the population.
Religions: Roman Catholicism 60%, Protestantism 30%, other 10%Source: wikipedia
Roman Catholicism (64.6%) Protestantism (22.2%) Non religious (8%) Other religions (5.2%)
Muscat is a Christian community and practices Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, the Eastern Orthodox religion. Muscat is the capital of Oman.
Roman catholicism 64.6% Protestantism 22.2% Non religious 8% Other religions 5.2%
There are more Catholic Mexicans than members of any other religion.
Protestantism did not have such a great victory in Southwest Europe, especially Italy. This is mostly because Italy has always been a Catholic nation; it's home of the Vatican, Pope, and Rome (which is where Roman Catholicism comes from).
During the Reformation, Christianity made another split between Catholicism and Protestantism. Southern Europe remained Roman Catholic while Northern Europe (for the most part) switched to Protestantism.
Roman Catholicism is the most commonly followed religion, but Christian Protestantism, Islam, Buddhism and other religions are also represented in the Philippines.
There are many religions throughout the world. Some of the major religions include: Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Shinto.
Protestantism is a form of Christianity. Protestants reject certain aspects of other Christian faiths (such as Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy) that they consider to be extra-biblical.
Rather superficial. Officially the religion was Roman Catholicism, but the rulers largely did what they wanted.
Roman Catholicism in Thailand's population is 1,275,900.