How do plants that do not reproduce from seed reproduce?

Reproduce by spores like mushrooms and ferns.

Repoduce by suckers or shoots like banana and pineapple.

Reproduce from stem cuttings like rose and sugar cane.

Reproduce from underground stem like potato and ginger.

Reproduce frome underground roots like carrot and sweet potato.

Reproduce by leaves like the African Violet and Bryophyllum.