How do the genes in DNA determine the characteristics of living things?
Genes are coded by and provide the information cells need. This information determines the color of hair, skin and eyes.
What is the term for segments of DNA that carry instructions for the traits of an organism from parent to offspring?
Dna contains and is made from Genes, while Genes determine the Constituent make up of Chromosomes. The Pattern Of Expression of A [or The] Cell's Genotype results in a "Haplotype" that determines an Organism's characteristics. There is a NEW Science - Epi Genetics - that states that the Haplotype is determined by Bio-Chemical events that occur outside of both the Cell and the Cell Nucleus.
Genes have four main structural parts - the promoter, introns, exons and the termination site (or recognition site for Rho protein). They are all very important (since exons contain the code for creating products, these could be called more important than introns - although it is believed introns still have an important role). Genes are how you get your own physical characteristics. They are the fundamental unit of heredity. Genes are found on chromosomes made…
If you are female, you receive half of your father's genetic material. If you are male, you receive almost half; the Y chromosome is missing some genes, so it is the mother's X chromosome and the genes on the top of it that solely determine certain characteristics in the son. These are called sex-linked characteristics.