How do you breed a dog?

First the prospective dogs are carefully screened for health and temperament, including health clearances like OFA and CERF. This testing cannot be completed until each dog is at least two years old. The pedigrees are examined and compared looking for both titles and known genetic disease. Untitled dogs, and particularly untitled dogs with pedigrees missing titles, should not be bred, no matter how lovely the dog itself seems to be. Trials and shows evaluate a dog for fitness of purpose and adherence to standards to determine whether they are of sufficient quality to be bred.

A veterinarian examines each dog for breeding soundness and brucellosis. Placements are found for each potential pup in the litter before the littler is bred.

Responsible breeders go through ALL of the above steps. Additionally, they typically spend over $1000 dollars in care of the female dog and puppies through weaning. They place pups in carefully screened homes with health guarantees and an agreement that if at any time the new owner is unable or unwilling to continue caring for the dog it is to be returned to the breeder.

Those who do not adhere to the above are NOT responsible breeders. They are known as puppy mills or backyard breeders (BYB). They are responsible for the pet overpopulation problem by breeding inferior dogs and not taking responsibility for their puppies for the life of the puppy.