Organic Chemistry
Elements and Compounds

How do you get methanol from methane?


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2009-01-03 02:33:14
2009-01-03 02:33:14

I am not aware of any direct way of producing methanol from methane. The only two ways I know that you can make methanol is by reacting carbon monoxide with hydrogen or by the pyrolysis of wood. Almost all the methanol made today is produced by the Syngas method. In it, methane is converted to carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which are then formed into methanol. Researchers are working on a catalyst to directly convert methane to methanol, which is done by inserting one oxygen atom into a methane molecule, between the carbon atom and a hydrogen atom. Their biggest problem right now is the most efficient catalysts work at temperatures high enough to ignite methanol.


Related Questions

methane is not alcohol but methanol is alcohol the ol bit of methanol is alcohol

because methane is a hydrocarbon!

Yes, methanol is CH3OH and methane is CH4. Methanol is polar (because of the O-H bond) and methane is non-polar (because it is a hydrocarbon.) Water (which is polar) will dissolve other polar things, but not non-polar things.

Methanol is considered a polar solvent. The structure of methanol is a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a methane (-CH3). The hydroxyl has a greater negative charge than the methane, resulting in an effective polarity of the solvent.

The combustion of methanol to form products of H2O and CO2 do not have as much of an energy change compared to methane and a result methanol releases less energy compared to methane. The more negative an enthalpy change is, the more heat it is going to release.

Archaea are producers of methane. They convert fermentation products such as CO2, H2, acetate, methanol to methane and CO2.

Although methanol can be produced using a number of raw materials (feedstocks), natural gas is preferred. The methane in natural gas reacts with steam in a reaction called steam-methane reforming; the resultant synthesis gas then reacts with a catalyst to produce methanol and water vapor.

"Methane hydroxide" is not standard nomenclature. "Methanol" is the closest genuine compound I can imagine; the formula for that can be written as H3COH.

methanol is more polar and some what soluable in water because if have strong atraction forces

Yes, but it emits poisonous emission such as methane, methyl oxide.

CH3OH is an alcohol, not a hydrocarbon. It is known as methanol. It can be considered a derivative of the hydrocarbon methane.

yes, it has to because it has an OH group which participates in hydrogen bonding. this is why it stays in liquid phase at lower temperatures than methane.

Methanol. CH4 is Methane. OH is an alcohol (so you ad the "ol" ending). So you get: Methane + ol --> Methanol. It is a poisonous alcohol commonly synthesized from methane gas (natural gas), typically of petroleum origin, but also possible from natural "biogas". It is used in "racing fuel", biodiesel production, as well as a solvent.

... will also result in formation of carbon monoxide, formaldehyde (methanal), methanol, carbon black.

anything from 98 to 118 after that you get into to Methanol and the most powerful and Nitro Methane very powerful.

Methane, CH4 Methanol, CH3OH Methanal, CH2O Methyl chloride, CH3Cl

thousands of molecules. carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, etc. ethanol, methanol, stearic acid, octane, decane, edta,

Methane is part of a group of organic hydrocarbons called alkanes which have only one carbon atom per molecule CH4, whereas methanol belongs to the alcohol group with an OH, CH3OH. So although they are related in name with meth- only because they contain one Carbon atom in their structure they are two different molecules and have different properties.

Yes methanol has a far higher boiling point than methane. Methane is a gas at room temperature while methanol is a liquid. Alkanes such as butane have very low boiling points, while alcohols that have small R groups, have relatively high boiling points. The main reason for this phenomenon is than alcohols have Oxygen and Hydrogen in positions that make [Hydrogen Bonding] possible.

I am not aware of a process that can convert these compounds into methane. However I have read of an article where developement of a solar cell that generates electricity through some mechanism of reacting carbon dioxide and water to generate methanol. It may not be methane but methanol in of itself is also valuable as a fuel and to generate electricity through a byproduct is just astounding.

Methanol. That is, methanol is a compound, not a mixture of compounds.

drotaverine is soluble in methanol, tetra hydro furan, dichloro methane and ammonium acetate buffer (0.01 M, pH=5)

Any organic compounds besides methane and methanol contain more than one carbon.

Generally speaking 'like dissolves like' so when you thinking if a molecule can dissolve in a particular solvent, you need to decide what type of bonding that solvent can exhibit and what bonding the molecule in question exhibits. So for example water can exhibit hydrogen bonding. This means for something to be able soluble in water, it too needs to be able to exhibit hydrogen bonding. Methane only contains hydrogen and carbon and thus, will not exhibit hydrogen bonding. However, methanol has carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and therefore, can exhibit hydrogen bonding. As a result, using the 'like dissolve like' approach we can see why methane will be insoluble in water but methanol will be soluble.

The formula for methanol is CH3OH. Methanol is many times abbreviated as MeOH. Methanol is commonly known as wood alcohol and does not have a symbol.

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