new light switch somewhere nearby - either in the same room or in the next room
which is just on the other side of the wall containing the wall outlet - you'll need to
run a new set of wires from the socket outlet to a new fused wall switch and another
set of wires from that new switch to the new lighting fixture.
A) Before you start, be sure to check the electrical wiring code for your locality (town/state) because the new wiring MUST comply with the safety requirements stated in that wiring code. Some localities will allow this work to be done by an amateur as a DIY job but others will insist that it must be done only by a licensed electrician, especially if the room or location in which the new lighting fixture is to be used will be subject to humid conditions of any kind. This means any place where there is a piped water supply, such as in a kitchen, bathroom, shower room, laundry room, etc. or any outside location such as the yard/garden outside the house. In other words, anywhere where the walls, floor or ceiling are subject to water spray, damp conditions, moisture or wetness of any kind. Your local wiring code will give detailed instructions about its installation requirements for such conditions.
B) In addition, depending on the locality and the actual installation site, some wiring codes will require - for personal safety reasons - that a new lighting circuit connected to an existing power socket outlet must be fitted with a protective device such as a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) or Residual Current Device (RCD). If the wiring code requires one of these protective devices you must fit one into the circuit to be compliant to the code.
C) The present socket outlet will be protected by a fuse on the main breaker panel that is suitable only for power socket outlets. That fuse may not "blow" if a fault condition ever occurred somewhere in the new lighting circuit. So, to give the new lighting circuit proper protection from fire hazards, it is advisable to use a new wall switch of the type which includes its own 3 AMP fuse.
D) It is essential that you find a secure place to mount the new lighting fixture. Depending on the type of room or location it may or may not be allowed to position the fixture on to a wall or the ceiling. If the location is to be the ceiling, the light fixture must be screwed through the plaster on to a wooden joist above the plaster board, not just on to the ceiling plaster alone.
Assuming you have noted all the above advice, here are some general instructions as to how to proceed with the simplest of installations. If you have a more complicated installation to do, such as one requiring a GFCI or RCD, you must follow the instructions supplied with that protective device.
1. Switch all the power off at the panel using the main power switch and then
CHECK that there is NO POWER at the socket outlet by using a meter or voltage
indicator to insure the circuit is, in fact, de-energized.
2. Install a new wall box in the wall to house the new fused switch.
3. By unscrewing the fixing screw(s) remove the existing socket outlet from its
wall box. From that wall box run a new length of lighting cable - containing a
black (hot) wire, a white (neutral) wire and a bare or green (ground) wire -
to the new wall box for the new fused switch.
4. Working on the existing socket outlet, to connect the "hot" wires together,
unscrew the screw in the brass terminal that has the existing black wire(s) in it.
Put the new black "hot" wire into the terminal and tighten the screw to hold all
the black wires together in the terminal.
5. Working on the existing socket outlet, connect the new white "neutral" wire
into the terminal that has the existing white wire(s) in it.
6. Working on the existing socket outlet, connect the new bare or green "ground"
wire into the terminal that has the existing bare or green wire(s) in it.
7. Run a new length of lighting cable containing a black (hot) wire, a white (neutral)
wire and a bare or green (ground) wire from the new wall box for the switch to the
wall or ceiling box for the new light fixture.
8. If there is a ground terminal already supplied as part of the new wall box,
the bare or green ground wire coming from the existing socket outlet should
be connected to that ground terminal.
9. Also to that ground terminal connect the ground wire of the cable going to the
position where the new lighting fixture is to be mounted, even if the lighting fixture
itself does not require a ground wire. That should be done so that if, in future, the
lighting fixture is replaced by another one that does need a ground wire, it can be
connected easily and safely.
10. If there is no ground terminal already supplied as part of the new wall box for the switch, connect all the bare or green ground wires together in the terminal marked for a ground wire on the new fused switch, if the switch has one. If the switch does not have a ground terminal then use a proper insulated connector to connect all the ground wires together.
11. If there is a terminal marked for a ground wire on the new fused switch and you have not already used it as was advised in Step 10, use a six to nine inch length of green wire to connect it to the ground terminal in the new wall box, if there is one, or to the connector mentioned in Step 10.
12. Connect the black wire in the cable coming from the existing outlet to the
"Supply" hot terminal of the new fused switch.
13. Connect the black wire in the new cable going to the new lighting fixture to the
"Load" hot terminal on the fused switch.
14. Similarly, connect the white "Supply" and "Load" wires to the terminal marked
"Neutral" on the fused switch. If there are two separate Neutral terminals marked
for "Supply" and "Load" wires, use those accordingly. If you have decided not to use
a fused switch (even though it is good practice to use one for this kind of application)
then you must use a proper insulated connector to link the white "Supply" and "Load"
15. Now connect-up the new lighting fixture to the new supply cable, being careful
to fit the hot, neutral and ground wires into the correct terminals. If the new lighting
fixture does not have a terminal for a ground wire then simply put the end of the
ground wire into a separate insulated electrical connector and cover it with some
green tape so it is available for future use on a different lighting fixture which may require it.
16. Check that all the terminal connections in all the fittings are screwed tight.
17. Then, using the appropriate screws, fix the old socket outlet and the new
fused wall switch into their respective wall boxes and also screw the new
lighting fixture to its wall or ceiling box.
18. Switch on the main power switch at the main panel and check that the new
fused wall switch and lighting fixture work satisfactorily.<><><>
As always, if you are in doubt about what to do, the best advice anyone should give you is to call a licensed electrician to advise what work is needed.
Before you do any work yourself,
on electrical circuits, equipment or appliances,
always use a test meter to ensure the circuit is, in fact, de-energized.
IF YOU ARE NOT ALREADY SURE YOU CAN DO THIS JOB
SAFELY AND COMPETENTLY
REFER THIS WORK TO QUALIFIED PROFESSIONALS.
Are Danny Devito and Joe Devito related?
How old is Danielle cohn?
40 thousandths equals how many hundredths?
Do mother birds really abandon their chicks if a human touches them?
Are Joe devito and Danny devito related?
Do octopus have nipples?
What is slappy phone number?
What does chongito mean in spanish?
Where is the origin of the Panama hat?
Have you ever crashed a wedding or had your wedding crashed, if so what happened?
How many times did Joe Biden run for president?
What is the world’s oldest soft drink?
How many novels did Charles Dickens write?
What do the colors on America's flag mean?
How did Harry Houdini come up with his stage name?
What is modal fabric?
What does y2m mean in knitting?
What is distinction percentage in ICSE?
BA-28 which is a recommended water-skiing safety practice?
What happened to Simon o'brien's eye?
What is the sequence of the mRNA made from the gene TTACAGGTCCCA?
What is your primary responsibility when other boats are in your area?
What is Alan Hansen doing now?