Supervisors: this is part of a learning hub on writing effective paragraphs. Please do not delete answers or alternate questions.
A good conclusion would be a restatement of the thesis of your argument (if it's an essay) or the main idea, and should be able to leave your readers with a thought, or a question to ponder. Very much like letting go gently after you have grabbed them in with a "hook" at the very beginning of your piece. You also summarize once again your main points of your whole essay.
For instance, if we were writing how tissues are good for your nose and you were to make an argument for it, the end of your piece should be something like this:
Therefore, tissues are good for your nose because of these reasons. They are soft and comfortable, much better than using rough and scarring paper towels, and they treat the nose much better than paper towels would. Wouldn't you want your nose to be comfortable every time you blow it or wipe it?
In this paragraph, you restate your thesis (bold in this example), you restate your main points, summarizing them up, and you leave your reader with an after thought at the very end. An alternative to this tissue essay ending, other than a question, could possibly be something like:
Tissues, soft and fluffy, would definitely be better for your nose.
- Another school of thought on this subject is simply this. A great essay does not need a conclusion. All the points have been made and supported in the text. There is no need to reiterate the obvious. I do not always agree with this, but occasionally something is well written and does not need a conclusion.
- A concluding paragraph summarizes what has come before. Depending on the length of the piece, it may also state conclusions, or restate briefly what has been said previously in the paper.
- Your concluding paragraph is probably the main thing that your readers will remember, since it is likely to be the last thing that they read. Use it carefully and wisely.
The conclusion of an academic paper is like the "So what?" portion of the paper. In the introduction, you present your thesis (say the thesis is, "The main theme of the Great Gatsby is the decay of the American Dream"). Your body paragraphs explain your thesis in greater depth (and back it up with evidence), and your conclusion is the part where you explain how your thesis relates to a larger theme or issue. In other words, if someone were to ask you, "So what? So what if the main theme of the Great Gatsby is the decay of the American Dream? How is that significant?" your explanation would be your conclusion. You could explain how the main theme of the Great Gatsby relates to the main themes of F. Scott Fitzgerald's other novels. Or, you could explain how the main theme of the Great Gatsby relates to what was going on in U.S. history at the time. Or, you could explain how the main theme relates to the themes and issues explored by other great American writers of Fitzgerald's time. Or, you could explain how the main theme differs from those of earlier American writers.
Yet another answer
Your cunclusion is summing everything up and putting it all in
the same boat i.e. All of these reasons put together... Therefore
all these.... ect.
The last paragraph is your conclusion and should retie all of the main points in summary form and end with a concluding sentence.