How does a country win the right to host the olympic games?
in 1999, IOC started to accept all interested countries' bid to host the 2008 Olympics. 10 countries submitted their bid to host. then on August 28, 2000 the interested cities was shortlisted to just 5 cities namely, Beijing (China), Toronto (Canada), Paris (France), Istanbul (Turkey) and Osaka (Japan).
then on July 13, 2001, the voting on who will host the 2008 Olympics was held in Moscow, Russia. In the first round of voting, only Beijing, Toronto, Paris, and Istanbul remained; Osaka was eliminated after having received only six votes. In the second round, Beijing received enough votes to grab the absolute majority (absolute majority means that Beijing received half of the votes more than the total votes of 3 countries combined) and no subsequent rounds of voting were required. The results of the second round were as follows: Beijing garnered 56 votes, Toronto 22, Paris 18, and Istanbul 9. Although some claimed that the bids from Paris and Toronto were technically superior, the IOC, under Juan Antonio Samaranch, was especially sympathetic and eager to see China, the world's most populous country, play host to the Olympic Movement