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Atoms and Atomic Structure

How does the size of the atomic nucleus compare to the size of the atom?


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Answered 2011-09-20 04:27:53

We have two examples: the first is, if the Atom is the size of a New York Baseball stadium, then the nucleus is the size of a flea perched on the pitcher's mound; and next, if the atom is one mile [1.6 km] across the atomic nucleus would be two-thirds of an inch [< 2 cm] in diameter. From this we can state that the Atom is 99.9999 % empty space.

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How does the size of an atomic nucleus compare with the size of the whole atom?

The nucleus is one ten thousandth of the size of the rest of the atom.


How does the size of the nucleus compare to the size of an atom?

That depends on your definition of 'nucleus'. The nucleus or core of an atom is, obviously, smaller than the atom as a whole. But seeing as you placed this question in biology, a cellular nucleus is many billions of times the size of an atom.


How does the size of the electron cloud of an atom compare with the size of the nucleus?

the average atom is 10,000 times larger in diameter than the nucleus


How does the volume of the nucleus compare to the volume of an atom?

The nucleus is very small. less than 1/1000 th the size of the atom.


Size of a atom in meters?

The nucleus of the atom has a diameter of about meter, whereas the atomic diameter is about meter. This means that the nucleus has a diameter 10,000 times smaller than the atom. The nucleus of the atom has a diameter of about meter, whereas the atomic diameter is about meter. This means that the nucleus has a diameter 10,000 times smaller than the atom.


How does the size of an atom compare to the size of the nucleus?

The atom is many times larger than the size of the nucleus, about as much larger as a cathedral is compared to a housefly. However, it should be noted that the "size" of anything as small as an atomic nucleus or even a whole atom can not, because of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, be specified as precisely as the size of a conventional object. Not only that, but the protons and neutrons that combine to form atomic nuclei are composed of quarks that are probably not things. According to quantum mechanics, "quark" is more like a verb than a noun.


How does the size of the nucleus compare to the size of the whole atom?

Think of the sun as the nucleus and the oort cloud (past pluto) as where the electron orbitals start. The size (volume) of the nucleus is tiny compared to the size (volume) of the atom (defined by the extent of the electron cloud).


What is atomic size?

Atomic Size is the going across any period, atomic radius is decreasing in size due to the increase in the number of electrons is attracted toward the nucleus. Going down any group, there are a large increase in atomic size. The size of an atom depends on where the electrons are distributed outside the nucleus.


What is the size of the atomic nucleus compared to an atom?

We know that the nucleus of an atom contains the nucleons, the protons and neutrons that make up that atom. This is almost all the mass of the atom, and these protons and neutrons are bound very tightly. That translates into the fact that the nucleus takes up almost none of the volume that the atom as a whole occupies. The orbiting electrons that are in the electron cloud actually define the volume of the atom. And that atom's volume is really large compared to that of the nucleus. We might say that the nucleus contains almost all of the mass of the atom, and takes up almost none of its volume. The difference between the size of the atomic nucleus and the size of the whole atom is that dramatic.


How does the size of the anion compare to the size of the atom?

The size of anion is bigger than that of atom. This is due to more electrons in outermost shell resulting in expansion of electron cloud around the nucleus.


What is the size and location of a proton?

A proton weighs 1 atomic mass unit and is located in the nucleus of an atom.


Is the nucleus compared to the size of the atom?

Atom has a huge size compared to the nucleus. It is big 10^4 than a nucleus.


How does the size of the atom change?

Atomic size decreases across periods going from left to right because the addition of protons to the nucleus contracts the electrons around the atom. From Bluee


Why does atomic size decrease as atomic number increases in a period?

Atomic size decreases even as atomic number and mass increases (within a period) because a greater number of electrons means a greater amount of attraction between the electron cloud and the positively charged nucleus. This increase in electronegativity draws the outer level of the atom a bit closer to the nucleus, making the overall size of the atom smaller.


What determines size of an atom?

The atomic radius depends on the the number of electron shells, total negative charge, positive charge of the nucleus, atomic mass.


Compare the strong force between protones and neutrons in a small nucleus and a large nucleus?

Protons and neutrons are held together in a nucleus of an atom by the strong force, regardless of their size.



Why does the atomic radius decrease with an increase in atomic numbers within a period?

As the atomic number increases, the number of protons in the nucleus increases or the effective nuclear charge of the nucleus increases. As a result the force exerted by the nucleus on the valence electrons is more or the size of the atom is small.


What is the centre of the atom called?

The centre of an atom is called the nucleus. The atomic nucleus consists of bound protons and neutrons, whose number depends on element in question. The nucleus can range in size from 1.75 femtometres to 15 femtometres in diameter.


Definition of atomic radius?

atomic radius is the average distance from the center of the nucleus to the outer orbital. two radius distances give approximate size of the atom.


Describe the size of the nucleus of the atom compared tothe whole atom?

If the total atom was the size of a football field, then the nucleus would be the size of an apple in the middle of the field.


What is the size order for these scientific particles Proton Neutron Atom Electron Nucleus?

IIRC Atoms (contains Protons/Neutrons and electrons) Nucleus contains Protons and Nuetrons Proton atomic size 1 Nuetron atomic size 1 electron atomic size 1/1836 i.e the proton is 1836 bigger than the electron


How does the size of a negative ion compare to the size of the atom that formed it?

The size of a negative ion is larger than atom. This makes more negative than positive, allowing the negative electrons to go farther from the nucleus.


What is the atomic size of the atoms?

For an average atom, the radius lies around 10 nm and the nucleus around 1 pm.


If the newcleus of an atom was the size of a tennis ball an electron would be how far away?

If the nucleus of an atom was the size of a tennis ball, an electrons distance would depend on the identity of the atom. The atomic radius of an Iron atom is about 30,000 times the size of the nucleus. A tennis ball has a radius of about 1.25", so it would sit around 1.2 miles away.


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