How exchange rate has affected BOP?
If the amount spent on goods and service by UK buyers is greater than the amount received from selling goods and services abroad, the UK will experience a balance of payments deficit (trade deficit). If the reverse occurs then the UK will experience a balance of payments surplus (trade surplus)
An exchange rate, which is also called the foreign-foreign exchange rate, is the rate that currency will be exchanged for another currency and may have a forward contract. The spot exchange rate is the current exchange rate today with immediate delivery and it is also called benchmark rates and outright rates.