Buy the Haynes manual for the vehicle. Follow the directions there. A job as expensive as this requires you to do your homework.
Timing for the escort ZX2 is obtained by locating top dead center (TDC) on the crankshaft for the #1 cylinder. Once TDC is obtained (usually with a crank locking tool) the cams must be aligned as well. The cams can be aligned by using the slots on the end of the cams nearest the coil pack. When both the crank and the cams are in these positions, timing is set and a new belt can be installed.When installing a new belt it is important to use the correct timing set necessary for the ZX2. 98-99.5 versions used a 3 pulley timing set while the 99.5-03 versions used a 2 pulley timing set. DO NOT try to install the 3rd pulley onto the newer versions otherwise you will experience an extremely short belt life. Also of importance is to ensure that the timing belt tensioner is only set within the timing mark on the tensioner. Any more tension than what the tensioner marks measure will also prematurely wear the belt and cause it to walk off the cams
timing is set on a ZX2 by finding top dead center (TDC) on cylinder number 1 and aligning the cams. Once this is done, properly set the tensioner. TDC can be located by using a crankshaft locking tool. the cams can be aligned by inserting a flat piece of steel into the slot on the ends of the cams opposite the end with the cam gears.
MOST STOCK CAMS DO NOT HAVE THE ABILITY TO DO CAM "DEGREEING" WHEN INSTALLED, SO THE INITIAL TIMING MUST BE DONE WITH A TIMING GUN. ADJUST THE TIMING BY ROTATING THE DISTRIBUTER IN EITHER DIRECTING UNTIL THE DESIRED AMOUNT OF ADVANCE OR RETARD IS ACHIEVED. SOME AFTERMARKET CAMS HAVE SEPERATE KEYWAYS SO YOU CAN ADVANCE OR RETARD THE TIMING BY A FEW DEGREES WHEN YOU INSTALL THE CAM. A GOOD START FOR YOUR ENGINE WOULD BE 8 TO 14 DEGREES OF INITIAL ADVANCE.
for the people trying to set the engine timing on the 2.0 ZETEC engine, note that there are no readily visible no timing marks used to set timing. Ford did include some notches on the lower crank pulley, but they are hard to see and harder to use accurately when setting the timing. Instead, it is easier to bring number one cylinder to top dead center by use of a crankshaft locking tool or other method. Remove the valve cover and the timing belt cover. You will need a straight flat bar to lock cams in place. The cams have slots on the ends of them opposite the cam pulleys. The flat bar will slip between the slots and hold them in place.previous Answerfor the people trying to set 2.0 eng timing first of all no timing marks to set timing you bring no.one cly to top dead center r&r valve cover you need a straight flat bar to lock cams in line across back of cams second you need to lock crank shaft by installing a plug to lock crank plug hole is below exhaust manifold in rear of engineyou now are in time---------ZX2Fast-----------Read the how-to. Link is in the 'related links' section.
There is only one wat to set the timing on this engine, and if it the crankshaft has been turned without the cams turning you will have bent valves....but the timing mark on the crank is.... keyway up at the 12 o'clock position,(there is a mark) and the cams will be down. What I mean by that is the cam gears have little holes in them so you can slide a 8mm bolt in until it slides into a set hole behind the gear that is machined into the timing chain housing. A stud from the exhaust or intake manifold works great and are just the right size. If you are installing cams or timing chain & gears...turn the crank keyway to the 3 o'clock possition before removing the chain and gears so the pistons will be half up and down giving the valves plenty of room to move and you wont get bent valves. After you get your pins in the cam gears, turn the crank backwards to the 12 oclock position,then install the chain.
My honda passport 3.2 litter, to set the timing my belt has three timing marks on the outside of the belt, crank the motor over till you see the two belt marks towards the top of the cam shaft or around thier if one is at top the other cam can not be seen so botn cams have to be tilted set both belt marks to the cam shaft marks. When the belt comes off dont get the cams out of phase they tend to unwind a bit, put back. A nd the crank shaft has a green timing mart on it after you pull off the pulley and cover, so match the other timing belt mark on the belt to the crank shaft mark then put the tensioner back on now it is on dead set timing.
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