How is a civil partnership similar to legal marriage?
In most countries in Europe that have civil partnerships, they are legally identical to marriage. However, in some countries, civil partners are not allowed to receive government-funded fertility treatments and/or jointly adopt children.
How long do you have to be in a live in partnership before california declares you a married couple?
What is a legal partnership between two persons of the same sex typically used to provide the benefits of a marriage known as?
If by "civil partnership" you are referring to the US legal concepts of Civil Union or Domestic Partnership, or the UK concept of Civil Partnership, then the answer is NO. One may only ever legally enter into one personal arrangement at once: marriage, civil union, domestic partnership, or civil partnership. The reason behind this is that all three are intended to serve the same purpose; realistically, as soon as same-sex marriage becomes legal, it is…
In California do same-sex couples who are in a civil union or domestic partnership have the same legal rights as a heterosexual married couple?
Yes. Although same-sex marriage is not currently legal in California, state law explicitly states that parties to a domestic partnership or out-of-state civil union (or out-of-state same-sex marriage) have exactly the same legal rights as a married couple. As for out-of-state domestic partnerships, this is true only of "comprehensive" domestic partnerships that are substantially similar to marriage.
Not all ordained ministers and not all partnerships. In jurisdictions where same-sex marriage is legal, any minister who is registered with the state as a marriage officiant can sign a same-sex marriage license the same as any other marriage license. However, any type of legal same-sex partnership other than marriage (i.e., civil union, domestic partnership, reciprocal beneficiaries, etc.) is purely civil and does not call for signature by a religious authority.
The short answer is yes - it is called a "civil partnership" and not a marriage though, though the legal effect is pretty much the same. However, that does not mean that the partnership will be recognised in other countries - a civil partnership will probably not be recognised in, for example, California, USA because they do not recognised same sex marriages and are unlikely to accept civil partnerships and the legal rights that accompany…
Common law (marriage) is a kind of marriage. Domestic partnership is a legal relationship that is not a marriage. Common law marriages have legal standing, even though the parties did not obtain a marriage license and legally marry. Domestic partnerships only have legal standing if the parties registered their partnership with a government agency.
Can a foreigner obtain British citizenship by virtue of same-sex marriage to a citizen of Great Britain?
Although same-sex marriage is not legal in Great Britain, civil partnerships are and have the same exact rights and responsibilities as legal marriage. Being in a civil partnership with a British citizen will, as it does with marriage, reduce the requirements for naturalization from 5 years residence to only 3.