How many Latino governors have there been in the US?
As of 2007 there were more than five thousand elected
officeholders in the United States who were of Latino origin.
In the House of Representatives, Hispanic and Latino
representatives have included Ladislas Lazaro, Antonio M.
Fernández, Henry B. Gonzalez, Kika de la Garza, Herman Badillo,
Romualdo Pacheco, and Manuel Lujan, Jr., out of almost two dozen
former Representatives. Current Representatives include Luis
Gutiérrez, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen,Nydia Velázquez, Joe Baca, Loretta
Sanchez, Silvestre Reyes, Rubén Hinojosa, Linda Sánchez, and John
Salazar -- in all, they number twenty-three. Former senators
areOctaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo, Mel Martinez, Dennis Chavez,
Joseph Montoya, and Ken Salazar. As of January 2011, the U.S.
Senate includes Hispanic members Bob Menendez, a Democrat, and
Marco Rubio, a Republican.
Numerous Hispanics and Latinos hold elective and appointed
office in state and local government throughout the United
States. Current Hispanic Governors include Republican Nevada
Governor Brian Sandoval and Republican New Mexico Governor Susana
Martinez; upon taking office in 2011, Martinez became the first
Latina governor in the history of the United States. Former
Hispanic governors include Democrats Jerry Apodaca, Raul Hector
Castro, and Bill Richardson, as well as RepublicansOctaviano
Ambrosio Larrazolo, Romualdo Pacheco, and Bob Martinez.
Since 1988, when Ronald Reagan appointed Lauro Cavazos the
Secretary of Education, the first Hispanic United States Cabinet
member, Hispanic Americans have had an increasing presence in
presidential administrations. Hispanics serving in subsequent
cabinets include Ken Salazar, current Secretary of the Interior;
Hilda Solis, current United States Secretary of Labor; Alberto
Gonzales, former United States Attorney General; Carlos Gutierrez,
Secretary of Commerce; Federico Peña, formerSecretary of Energy;
Henry Cisneros, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development;
Manuel Lujan, Jr., former Secretary of the Interior; and Bill
Richardson, former Secretary of Energy and Ambassador to the United
Nations. Six of the last ten US Treasurers, including the latest
three, are Hispanic women.
In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor became the first Supreme Court
Associate Justice of Hispanic or Latino origin.
The Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC), founded in December
1976, and the Congressional Hispanic Conference (CHC), founded on
March 19, 2003, are two organizations that promote policy of
importance to Americans of Hispanic descent. They are divided into
the two major American political parties: The Congressional
Hispanic Caucus is composed entirely of Democratic representatives,
whereas the Congressional Hispanic Conference is composed entirely
of Republican representatives