Short answer: the Soviet Union launched three Sputnikmissions (Sputnik 1, 2 & 3) and Russia launched two Sputnik missions (Sputnik 40 & 41). The Soviet Union launched a further five Korabl Sputnik missions (Korabl Sputnik 1 to 5). All other Sputnik missions are the West's brainchild. The Soviet Union called the very first artificial satellite from October 4th 1957, Sputnik. Due to secrecy a lot of Soviet spacecraft were not publicly named and Western newspapers named different Soviet spacecraft Sputniks. When they reached high Sputnik numbers they realised that the Soviet Union already called their indefinite satellites for Cosmos.
The Vostok spacecraft were tested unmanned or with dogs and dummies (Ivan Ivanovic) as Korabl Sputniks (Sputnik ship) as Soviet designation. Sputnik number: -- Year: -- mission: * 1 - 1957 - First artificial satellite * 2 - 1957 - Space Dog Laika * 3 - 1958 - Van Allen Belt research * 4 - 1960 - dummy Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 1) * 5 - 1960 - 2 dogs in a Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 2) * 6 - 1960 - 2 dogs in a Vostok craft (Korabl Sputnik 3) * 7 - 1961 - failed venus probe * 8 - 1961 - Venera 1 venus probe * 9 - 1961 - a dog and Ivan Ivanovic(Korabl Sputnik 4) * 10 - 1961 - a dog and Ivan Ivanovic(Korabl Sputnik 5) * 11 - 1961 - Yuri Gargarin (Vostok 1) * 12 - 1961 - Gherman Titov (Vostok 2) * 13 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 3) * 14 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 4) * 15 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 5) * 16 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 6) * 17 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 7) * 18 - 1962 - scientific (Cosmos 8) * 19 - 1962 - failed venus probe * 20 - 1962 - failed venus probe * 21 - 1962 - failed venus probe * 22 - 1963 - failed mars probe * 23 - 1963 - Mars 1 mars probe * 24 - 1963 - failed mars probe * 25 - 1963 - failed lunar lander * 33 - unsure * 40 - 1997 - 1/3 scale of Sputnik 1 launched from the MIR space station * 41 - 1998 - another 40 anniversary Sputnik 1 copy
Mainly to see if things could be launched into space and work there
The Soviet Union (Russia) launched sputnik
The Sputnik program was a series of robotic spacecraft missions launched by the Soviet Union. The first of these, Sputnik 1, launched the first human-made object to orbit the Earth.
The Soviet Space Program later replaced by the Russian Federal Space Agency have officially named 12 Sputnik craft (Sputnik 1 through Sputnik 10 which were launched by rockets into orbit as well as Sputnik 40 and Sputnik 41 which were released from the Mir space station). Outside of the Soviet Union, Sputnik 20 through Sputnik 25 may be referred to. However, the Soviet Union officially refers to these as Cosmos missions due to the launch failures.
Sputnik 1 was launched on the 4th of October 1957.
When it was launched, the Soviet Union(USSR) launched Sputnik 1. the Soviet Union is currently Russia.
The Soviet Union (USSR) launched Sputnik-1 (Sputnik I) on 4 October 1957.
Sputnik was launched into space on the 4th of October, 1957. Sputnik was also earth's first artificial satellite.
Sputnik wasn't a space shuttle, but a series of early satellites launched by the then Soviet Union. Being one-shot items, they were retired as soon as their missions were over.
There were 6 original Sputnik missions. After that it gets a little complicated. There were attempts at Venus probes and fortieth anniversary Sputniks. Visit the related link below for these missions.
Sputnik was launched into a low-Earth orbit. Sputnik was launched By the Soviet Union. It was the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth. it weighed about 98 pounds and took 90 minutes to orbit earth. when Sputnik was launched the Space Race began.
i dont have an answer
The USSR launched both of those missions, but they took place at different times. Sputnik-1 was launched in October, 1957.
Yes, they launched Sputnik in 1957
there were about 7 missions to mercury
There were 25 mission launches called Sputnik. Most with different purposes/missions. Sputnik 1's goal was to demonstrate the ability to launch a satellite into Earth orbit (and maybe to achieve the political goal of demonstrating to the world that the USSR had this ability.) After Sputnik 4 the missions had two names, Korabl Sputnik, then Vostok , then Cosmos, then Alpha, then Korabl. Many of the later Sputnik missions failed before achieving their goal.
The first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, was launched by the USSR (Russia) in 1957. Following its launch on October 4, Russia launched Sputnik 2 on November 3. Sputnik 3 was not launched until May, 1958 following the US Explorer and Vanguard satellites in January and March.
Americans were very fearful the day the satellite Soutnik was launched. They were fearful because the Soviet Union launched Sputnik and they were Americans enemies.
Sputnik 1 was a satellite launched by Russia, and the first ever satellite to orbit around the Earth. It was launched on October 4, 1957.
The USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) -- Russia launched Sputnik
Yes. All three 'Sputniks' were launched by the USSR, beginning with Sputnik-1 in October 1957.
Sputnik 1, 2 and 3 were all launched by the Sputnik rocket, a derivative of the R-7 Semyorka ICBM (NATO reporting name: SS-6 Sapwood).
Soviets launched it, Oct. 4,1957.
Sputnik was developed by the USSRSputnik 1 was launched from kasakhstan where the baikonor cosmodrome is today