How many electrons are in a hydrogen atom?
In water molecules there are 2 atoms of hydrogen of and 1 atom of oxygen present. each hydrogen atom shares 1 electron with the oxygen atom. So the total number of electrons shared with oxygen are 2,total no. of electrons shared by hydrogen is 2 and the total no. of electrons shared by each hydrogen atom is 1.
Hydrogen has 1 valence electron. Bromine has 7 valence electrons. When hydrogen and bromine react, the bromine atom 'steals' the hydrogen atom's only electron. The hydrogen atom then has no electrons and the bromine atom has 8 valence electrons. The two atoms are now ions because their number of protons does not equal their number of electrons. The bromine atom is now a bromide anion and the hydrogen atom is now a hydrogen cation (a…