How many ghettos were there in Poland between 1939 and 1944?
The main ghettos in Poland were those in Warsaw and Lodz (which was renamed Litzmannstadt). Lublin and Krakow also had ghettos, as did many other towns in Nazi occupied Poland. In all, there were about 580 ghettos in Poland.
The Invasion of Poland, 1939 and "the 1939 Defensive War in Germany, was carried out by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union and a small German-allied Slovak contingent. Germany captured the Soviet-occupied areas of Poland when it invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, and lost the territory in 1944 to an advancing Red Army.
Olgierd Terlecki has written: 'Siedem dni Isabelli' 'Wielka awantura' -- subject(s): Diplomats, Biography 'Polskie drogi' -- subject(s): World War, 1939-1945 in fiction, World War, 1939-1945, Fiction 'Poles in the Italian campaign, 1943-1945' -- subject(s): Campaigns, Poland, Poland. Armia. 2. korpus, Regimental histories, World War, 1939-1945 'Polskie drogi' 'Monte Cassino, 1944' -- subject(s): Montecassino (Monastery), Poland, Poland. Polskie Sily Zbrojne. 2. Korpus, Siege, 1944
No! Poland is an independent country, to the east of Germany. (Parts of Poland were incorporated into Prussia in the late 1700s - and other areas of Poland were annexed by Russia and Austria, but Poland regained independence in 1918. It was under German occupation again for most of World War 2. The eastern part of Poland was invaded by the USSR in 1939 and annexed in 1944-45).
Poland -- Between December 1939 and February 1940 the Lodz ghetto was established in Stare Miasto (Old Town), Baluty, the poor Jewish quarter, and the suburban area of Marysin. By September 1942, all Jews from the Warthegau (German expression for the annexed Western part of Poland) had been either murdered or expelled, apart from the 77,000 Jews remaining in Lodz. Consequently the extermination facilities in Chelmno were closed and the deportations from the Lodz ghetto…
1. From September 1939-June 1941 * Parts of western Poland were incorporated into Germany. * Central Poland (the areas round Warsaw, Krakow and Lublin) were turned into a German colony, called the 'Generalgouvernement'. * Eastern Poland was annexed by the Soviet Union. 2. From June 1941 till summer 1944 eastern Poland was administered by the Nazi invaders.
The survival rate from the ghettos in Poland was minimal. By August 1944 the last ghetto had been liquidated - in other words the remaining inhabitants were sent to Auschwitz to be gasssed (unless selected for work). When originally established in 1940 the Lodz Ghetto had a population of a little over 160,000. In May 1945 there about 800 survivors.