Asked in HolocaustNazi Concentration Camps
How many people were killed in the Nazi Concentration Camps during the Holocaust?
August 29, 2012 7:20PM
approx 11 million people were killed by the nazi's. Around 6 million were Jews, 1.1 million were children
June 29, 2015 5:07PM
The total number of Holocaust victims is higher than the total number of concentration camp (and extermination camp) victims. Many were killed in mass open air shootings or died in ghettos. In other words, killed in Nazi concentration camps does not equal a count of Holocaust victims.
According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
In 1933, there were approximately 9 million Jews in Europe. By 1945, the Nazis had reduced that number to about 3 million. Roma (Gypsies) were also sent to the concentration camps, resulting in about 200,000 Gypsy deaths. Physically and / or mentally handicapped, homosexuals, and Polish intellectuals accounted for at least another 200,000. This totals about 6,400,000 victims of the concentration camps.
The Nazis also killed between 2 and 3 million Soviet prisoners in labor camps or executions. Add to this the non Jewish Poles and Soviets sent to forced labor who died due to malnutrition, unsafe work conditions, disease and "experimentation."
The exact numbers may never be known, but hopefully this gives you some idea of the magnitude of the Nazi inhumanity.
- In Russia and many other parts of the Soviet Union many were killed in mass open air shootings and buried in large pits.
- In Poland large numbers of Jews perished in the extremely cramped ghettos that the Nazis created in 1939-40. These areas were walled off ... The Nazis allowed grossly insufficient food into the ghettos and no medication. There was a very high death toll from starvation and disease.
- After the Jews, the largest group of victims was Soviet prisoners of war: about 3.3 million were killed. Many were held in open air camps and simply starved to death.
For many years, since the Holocaust, their has been numbers flying everywhere that states how many people died in the Concentration Camps during the Holocaust. In most concentration camps their isn't an exact death number.
In many concentration camps such as Auschwitz and Treblinka, there's an range of number of people who died in the concentration camps. In Auschwitz there's an incredible range of 1.25 Million - 5.5 Million people who died at Auschwitz, according to most documents and facts, at least 2.25 Million died in Auschwitz. In Treblinka extermination camp, THERE'S an range of 875.000 - 1.6 Million.
The reason why the exact number of people who died in the Concentration Camps is because, after World War 2, Poland was took over by the USSR due to Germany occupied Poland in 1939 and many concentration camps such as Auschwitz, Treblinka, Sobibor, Krakow and Warsaw were investigated by the USSR. during the time, the USSR didn't aloud other Allied countries in due to the Soviets thought that the US would of mess up the results and findings. During the Soviet investigations and adding up what the other allies had found, At least 14 Million people, including 5.96 million Jews died in the Concentration Camps. However, since then, their has been some investigations and it's sort of agreed that at least 16.5 Million, likely over 17 Million people died in the concentration camps. 7 million were the Jews and following that 3.3 million Soviet POWs died.
The word "survived" needs defining carefully, otherwise one ends up talking about quite different groups of people. The usual meaning of the expression "a holocaust survivor" is someone who was sent to a death camp (or equivalent), but was still alive at the end of WWII in Europe or when the camp was liberated. (In other words, Jews and others who had managed to flee to countries like the U.S., Britain and Sweden are NOT included). The most common figure is around 200,000.
This question cannot be answered usefully, as no precise definitions are possible. There were "concentration camps" whose function was to kill people as quickly as possible (such as Treblinka), and others which were primarily prisons for political prisoners (such as Dachau), or slave labor depots. Some camps served multiple functions (such as Auschwitz). In all these camps, many people were killed, but some were much more lethal than others. Not all people held in concentration camps were treated the same. Jews were, in general, exterminated, but other groups such as Roma (gypsies) and Poles, while also killed in large numbers, were not systematically killed. Some of the political prisoners seized by the Nazis in the early years of their rule were later released, having been tortured and starved into submission.
It should also be noted that the Nazis (and some of their allies) performed much of the mass murder included in the Holocaust "in the field": the victims were slaughtered in or near their villages or neighborhoods. "Holocaust survivors" should include people who were at risk of these massacres but managed to get away, even though they were never in a "Holocaust concentration camp".
Obviously, one has to add the figures for non-Jews in order to give a full answer to the question.
In addition, there were two "sets" of camps - the concentration camps, which were essentially large open-air prisons, and the death camps, which were part of the organized Final Solution. The death camps were exactly that - specifically designed and run to take in a steady stream of victims, kill them, and dispose of the bodies. The only people spared at these camps were victims willing to labor in the camp itself; most of them only postponed death for a short time, as the Nazi owners frequently would take new members for the labor force, and kill the old ones.
Current estimates are that somewhere around 11 million people died in various concentration camps, POW camps, and death camps. About 3 million died in the Death Camps (the majority at Auschwitz) - 90% of them Jews, most of the remainder being Roma (Gypsies). Approximately 3 million more Jews were killed in various mass murder campaigns prior to the Death Camps being set up. Likewise, about 1 million total Roma died. A similar number of people (1 million) - mostly ethnic Germans, though many from conquered countries - were killed as a part of the Euthanasia program. These were primarily the mentally ill, though homosexuals were also targeted.
Somewhere in the neighborhood of 500,000 political prisoners and Western Allied POWs (British, American, etc.) died in the various concentration camps, mostly from abuse (not systematic extermination). In a similar manner, about 3.2 million Russian POWs were killed in German POW camps, mostly due to abject abuse and neglect (i.e. failure to feed, clothe, or house them for months on end in harsh weather).
Finally, perhaps 2-2.5 million Poles, Slavs, and other "lesser" races were starved or beaten to death in the various concentration camps, or during marches to them, or in forced labor.
The claim above that "In Auschwitz there's an incredible range
of 1.25 Million - 5.5 Million people who died at Auschwitz" is
false and is only now used by Holocaust deniers in order to mock
the Holocaust. In the 1980s the Auschwitz Museum undertook careful
new research, based on documentary evidence. Well aware of the fact
that the Soviet Union had exaggerated the figures in 1945-46, the
Museum was cautious. It came up with a figure of about 1.15
milllion killed (in the Auschwitz group of camps) of whom about 90%
were Jews. This research is widely accepted by Holocaust scholars
and earlier figures are out of date and superseded. The range given
above for Treblinka is far too high - the sort of figures one finds
on sites trying to make fun of the Holocaust. The usual figure for
Treblinka is 800,000 or slightly higher.