How might things have been different without the Nazi death camps?
An answer to this must be mostly supposition but - No death camps = no Holocaust and 6,000,000 + lives saved. There would have been far fewer War Crime trials and quite possibly there would be no country called Israel. This would also mean a massive shift on the Nazi ideology including not trying to build an empire based on total suppression, destruction and terror etc. Germany could have obtained much more support / cooperation from the lands they invaded, thereby freeing up more troops etc.
Different death camps had different names for them. Auschwitz being the most famous camp and the one where most survivors of a Death Camp came from has the most recognisable name: Sonderkommando. This is a blanket term for them, there were many different roles and different detachments. Some people who worked in death camps were (for example) tailors and they never had to witness the horrors that other workers had to endure.
There were many, around 30, and they were in different countries, and there were different kinds of camps- some were not much more than large prisons; some others, known as Vernichtungslager ("annihilation camps", or death camps) were basically factories that killed people. Auschwitz is probably the most famous of the death camps, but some other camps were Dachau (the first Nazi concentration camp), Treblinka (another death camp), and Bergen Belsen (which is where Anne Frank…