The British had calculated the absolute survival needs for each and every Berliner well before the US determined that such an effort was mandated. They had even initiated an airlift of their own and knew that it could never be sustained. The tonnage required a massive and coordinated effort which seemed to be possible only in the short term. Winter coal requirements mandated doubling the tonnage without a change to the calorie intake.
Within 9 months Major General Tunner, had turned the corner and was providing a 25 % reserve on fuel, flour and dried staples by flying in over 300,000 tons of material per month. It was never just a US effort allthough 66% of all US C-54's were involved. France built a modern air strip within 90 days and when the approach was restricted by a Soviet Radio Tower they marched in and destroyed the Soviet Tower. The German people were involved in the effort, repairing airstrips and unloading aircraft.
Not so much NATO's role in the Berlin Airlift, but the Berlin Airlift in the role of the forming of NATO is more important.
Becuase France had set up a blockade in east Africa and the people of Spain couldn't get their supplies that they needed very much
President Truman responded to the blockade by sending planeloads of much-needed supplies to West Berlin. For more information on the Berlin Airlift consult the online Truman Library and Museum by following the link to the left.
President Truman responded to the blockade by sending planeloads of much-needed supplies to West Berlin. For more information on the Berlin Airlift consult the online Truman Library and Museum by following the link below.
measure of how much work can be done in a lenght of time
He was the reason the Berlin Airlift took place. Berlin was in the Soviet sector of post-war Germany, but Berlin itself was divided much like the country. Stalin was upset with the Western alliance (U.S., Britain, and France) for producing the London Programme. The London Programme outlined the creation of a Western German state. Stalin stopped all rail, water and road traffic to and from Berlin in hope that the London Programme would be halted. This was legal because the Western alliance did not put in writing the free access to their respective sector of Berlin. The choices were to use military forcce to break the blockade of airlift all the supplies. Since no economy could support another world war they chose to airlift all the goods to Berlin. This disheartened Stalin and he eventually lifted the blockade of Berlin.
An attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. Eventually, the western powers instituted an airlift that lasted nearly a year and delivered much-needed supplies and relief to West Berlin. Coming just three years after the end of World War II, the blockade was the first major clash of the Cold War and foreshadowed future conflict over the city of Berlin.
Half of the British Commonwealth decided to airlift in food and supplies, and the Soviets weren't going to start WWIII just yet by shooting down civilian aircraft that are delivering supplies, so they just decided not to screw around with them too much. >> The Soviet blockade of Berlin was thwarted by a combined effort of the US Air Force , Royal Air Force , Royal Australian Air Force , Royal Canadian Air Force , Royal New Zealand Air Force and South African Air Force who , collectively , lifted the siege by flying in enough supplies to sustain the city of Berlin . ~ see related link below .
The United States did not prevent communism after World War II, but it did attempt to slow its spread. Two of the best examples of this are the Korean War and the Berlin Airlift. In the Korean War, the United States assisted the fledgling South Korean government when the communist North Koreans invaded. When the Soviet Union attempted to strangle Berlin, the United States flew nonstop missions to deliver much needed food, supplies and medicine (the Berlin Airlift). Small proxy wars were fought all over the globe, most of which never directly involved the two 'superpowers.' This worldwide game of chess was repeated throughout the Cold War.
The 'Cold War' follows WW2 directly. There is much mistrust between Russia & the western allies. The Berlin Airlift, the Korean War & the Cuban Missile Crisis are all features of the cold war.
No it was not, east was controlled by russia Pat's answer: West Berlin was controlled by the American, British, and French occupying military forces. It was originally administrated by the Soviets, American, British, and French forces, but the Soviets tried to force the western allies out of Berlin by a road and rail blockade, which was checked by Berlin Airlift. Berlin was completely surrounded by the Soviet East German territory. In the 60s, the Soviets built a wall around West Berlin (to keep their East German citizens from escaping). One had to travel through Soviet Checkpoints and across 100 miles designated East German highways and another Soviet Checkpoint before entering West Germany, The allied forces allowed the West Berlin citizens to form their own government and operate the city as they wanted. It was a shining star surrounded by the Iron Curtain. Much of the needed supplies and fresh groceries required by West Berlin later came from East Germany. The water supply system was operated and controlled from East Berlin.
Look at Berlin-wall.net and the prices are there