How security measurement is done while data transmission?
Transmit password for unused account A on server X in the clear.
Monitor syslogs on server X. Note any successful login attempts for account A. Answer: Information security means protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. The terms information security, computer security and information assurance are frequently used interchangeably. These fields are interrelated and share the common goals of protecting the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information; however, there are some subtle differences between them. These differences lie primarily in the approach to the subject, the methodologies used, and the areas of concentration. Information security is concerned with the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data regardless of the form the data may take: electronic, print, or other forms. Messages and secrets have been subject to interception and theft ever since the invention of writing, but the modern situation is especially challenging. Electronic storage, processing, and transmission of information are now ubiquitous in the developed world, creating novel vulnerabilities. People are authorized to withdraw cash or purchase products on the basis of a piece of information (password or credit card number); trade secrets and business plans are electronically transmitted around the globe. In the U.S., over 95% of military and intelligence communications pass through network facilities owned by private carriers (e.g., the telephone system). Private speech may be broadcast locally by a mobile or cellular telephone or transmitted digitally over a network that can be tapped in numerous locations; databases full of confidential data reside in computers that can be accessed, perhaps illegally, by other computers communicating through networks; and so on. Information security-or insecurity-is a pervasive fact of modern life.