Politics and Government

How was the conflict in Kansas a small-scale rehearsal for the Civil War?

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2016-12-30 21:57:21

The US Civil War was characterized by huge field armies and

heavy artillery. Additionally, railroads and sea battles and

blockades dominated the war. There was nothing in the "Bleeding

Kansas" episode of US history that influenced the US Civil War.

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2011-04-15 01:36:49

"Bleeding_Kansas" id="Bleeding_Kansas">Bleeding Kansas

The Kansas Territory became the center of attention in the battle

between North and South over expanding slavery into the

territories. Those southerners who voted for the Kansas-Nebraska

Act (spliting the territory into two areas) assumed that Kansas

would enter the union as a slave state. The Republican Party,

however, wanted to repeal the Kansas-Nebraska Act and restore the

provision in the Missouri Compromise that prohibited slavery in

Kansas. Northern abolitionists began to work under the rules

established by Senator Douglas, popular sovereignty, in order to

get Kansas admitted as a free state. Both sides of the slavery

question sent settlers into the territory of Kansas, in hopes of

outnumbering the other side, and electing a territorial legislature

and a future state constitution that would either outlaw, or permit

slavery. So called "border ruffians" raided into Kansas creating

violence on both sides of the issue. The most famous was John

Brown, a noted abolitionist who felt he was called by God to free

the slaves in the South and West. In 1856, a group of border

ruffians raided Lawrence, Kansas, an anti-slavery town, burning the

buildings and killing one citizen. Five days later, John Brown and

his sons and followers raided a settlement along Pottawatomie Creek

and ordered five proslavery Kansans executed with a farmer's

scythe. The fighting that continued in Kansas became known as

"Bleeding Kansas" and was a sign of the Civil War to come.

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