How were free blacks treated after the US Civil War?

There were a variety of reactions and treatments to this new population of Americans. In the deep South the majority sought ways to limit their freedom and to retain economic control. The North was thrown into serious chaos when blacks became a part of the free labor market and wages were stagnant or depressed. The far West experienced a large influx of dispossed and War weary white Southerners who made every effort to limit black migration. Border States, Frontier States and the Mormon controlled area's were openly hostile. Tiny communities were formed in Indian Territory and Mexico, while Canada finally had to close its borders to black immigrants. The Back to Africa movement and Liberian nationhood evolved.