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Answered 2012-05-01 20:04:58

Northern victories that served as turning points in the war.

There have been many books written on this subject, so it is pretty complicated but there is a simple answer, as well. By the end of the day July 3 1863, the South's eastern army commanded directly by Robert E. Lee, had lost a full one third of its force; in the three day battle at Gettysburg. Even though the North had lost a few more men, they were in control of the battlefield and still had 4 times as many men on the field than did the south. Lee was forced to abandon the field and his "Northern Campaign" and head back south out of Pennsylvania. Against the advice of some of his most trusted generals, he had taken the offensive at Gettysburg and had failed (his only major field error) and had left his army in a position were it would never again be able to "take the fight" to the Union army. With the size of two he Armies now always heavily favoring the Union, all he was able to do, was to take defensive positions and retreat when the odds got too bad. This, he did brilliantly, for two more years and preserved his army the best he could losing only one Confederate to every four or five Union soldiers. At Vicksburg, the very next day, the Union's western army commanded by U.S. Grant, defeated the southern forces which had been holding the city during a long siege. Vicksburg was the last southern stronghold on the Mississippi River and by taking this the North now controlled the traffic on the Mississippi and, although still two years in the future, the end of the Confederacy was now in site. So, it could be said that the South, lost the war in two days; July 3rd and 4th, 1863.

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Answered 2016-03-03 23:45:14

In reality the several battles of Vicksburg were not significant ones, nor were they battles that signified that the North was on a winning path. Vicksburg had long been charged off as a loss by the Confederate military high command. For Propaganda purposes Jefferson Davis had hoped to save it, however, in the Western theater of the war, most Confederate generals agreed that Middle Tennessee was the most valuable target in the West. Vicksburg never supplied the East with products from the West. In fact the reverse was true. The Union wasted time and manpower to capture Vicksburg and it only was able to do so in a siege. Then were burdened to garrison the city.As for Gettysburg, once again a misnomer. A careful read by military historians shows that Lee's army was able to escape to Virginia after losing Gettysburg.

Lincoln was correct in his criticism of General Meade. The Army of Northern Virginia would live to fight on for another two years despite all the advantages the Union army had.

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Why were the battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg considered turning points of the US Civil War?

By chance, they happened on the same day (4th of July), so they had a big effect on Northern morale. Gettysburg was the more dramatic battle, but Vicksburg was the more significant victory - ending the war in the West, and freeing Grant to go to the aid of the Army of the Cumberland in Chattanooga. It gave him the credibility that would propel him to the top job - General-in-Chief of all the Union armies.


What was the the turning point of the civil war?

The two battles - far apart - that ended on the same day. Gettysburg, which ended Lee's hopes of invading Pennsylvania. And Vicksburg, which liberated the Mississippi, ending the war in the West.


What happened in 1863 in July in the civil war?

The ending of the Siege of Vicksburg, and liberation of the Mississippi. The Battle of Gettysburg, ending Lee's hopes of invading the North.


What was the significance of the attack on fort Sumter the Battle of Vicksburg an Gettysburg and Appomattox court house?

In sequence: Fort Sumter - first shots of the war. Vicksburg - ended the war in the West. Gettysburg - ended Lee's last hope of invading the North. Appomattox - where Lee surrendered to Grant, effectively ending the war.


What was the most important part of the civil war?

Early-July 1863. It saw the fall of Vicksburg, which liberated the Mississippi, ending the war in the West, and the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, ending Lee's hopes of invading the North.


What northeren battle is considered to be the turning point of the civil war?

Gettysburg is often dubbed 'Confederate High Watermark', and it was not only the bloodiest battle of the war, but it wrought a psychological body-blow to Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia, neither of which was ever the same again. However, the surrender of Vicksburg (which happened simultaneously with Gettysburg) was probably the more significant - ending the war in the West, and marking-out Grant as the next Union General-in-Chief.


What happen to the union after the Battle of Gettysburg?

Their morale improved greatly, as they had seen off Lee's second and last attempt to invade the North. Just the next day, Grant took Vicksburg, ending the war in the West.


What were the 5 most important battles from the civil war?

Antietam - because it gave Lincoln the credibility to issue the Proclamation Gettysburg - because it ended Confederate hopes of invading the North. Vicksburg - because it liberated the Mississippi, ending the War in the West. Chattanooga - because it averted the capture of Grant's whole army. Atlanta - because it saved Lincoln from being voted out in the election.


What union victory was considered the turning point to the civil war?

It could be either of Vicksburg or Gettysburg - both announced on the same jubilant Fourth of July (1863). Vicksburg ended the war in the West, enabling Grant to come to the aid of the Army of the Cumberland in Chattanooga. Gettysburg marked the end of Robert E. Lee's ascendancy - he was never able to mount an aggressive campaign again, only a dogged defence, ending in his surrender.


What are three important events in 1863 that helped the union win the war?

Siege of Vicksburg - ending the war in the west. Battle of Gettysburg - ending Lee's hopes of invading the North. Battle of Chattanooga - saving the Army of Cumberland from starvation, and giving Grant the credibility to become General-in-Chief.


What major events and battles of the US Civil War helped to determine the outcome?

Lincoln managing to keep the four border-states loyal. The Emancipation Proclamation - keeping Britain out. Gettysburg - ending Lee's hopes of invading the North Vicksburg - ending the war in the West Grant promoted General-in-Chief - a winning strategy Lincoln winning the '64 election - the North votes to fight on


What are indecisive battles?

Inconclusive Battles or in other words, a never ending battle


What battle was a major turning point in the civil war eventually leading to defeat in the confederacy?

The Battle of Gettysburg, on July 1st 1863 and ending on July 4th three days later This is open for debate, but a good place to look would be the Death of Stonewall Jackson followed by the battles of Vicksburg and Gettysburg. This marked the end of a seemingly invincible Confederate army and the last Confederate push into the North. Up to this point, the Union was on the backfoot. Afterwards, the Union troops regained the momentum and pushed the war into Confederate territory.


Did the Gettysburg address have anything to do with the ending of slavery?

Yes, it played a big role in the ending of slavery.


What was the name of Lincolns speech about ending slavery?

Gettysburg Address


Why were the battles of bull run Shiloh Antietam Gettysburg and Vicksburg important?

1st Bull Run - first pitched battle of the war. Demonstrated to both sides that they weren't ready for operations. Antietam - first Union victory for many months. Gave Lincoln the credibility to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Gettysburg - Lee's first defeat since Antietam. Big psychlogical blow to the Confederates, and the end of any hopes of invading the North, either to occupy territory or to forage for provisions. Vicksburg - arguably the most important Union victory of the war. It liberated the Mississippi, isolating all enemy troops to the West of the river, and ending the war in the West, enabling Grant to go to the aid of the Army of the Cumberland.


When did the Battle of Vicksburg occurred?

It was a 5-week siege, ending on July 4th 1863.


When did the Battle of Vicksburg happpen?

It was a 5-week siege, ending July 4th 1863.


Why was the Battle of Gettysburg the turning point in war?

It represented Lee's first big failure - a bad psychological blow - and it marked the end of his hopes of invading the North. It also occurred at the same moment as the ending of the Vicksburg siege, so it was a jubilant Fourth of July for the Union.


Where was the battle fought at in July 1863 considered the turning point of the civil war?

Gettysburg is regarded as the battle that lost the Confederates the war. This Northern victory came on the same day as the ending of the Siege of Vicksburg, on the Mississippi, and the double event was greeted with joy in the North when it was announced on the Fourth of July.


What important battle did the Union win in 1863?

Three in particular: Vicksburg - liberating the Mississippi and ending the war in the West. Gettysburg - ending Lee's hopes of invading the North. Chattanooga - enabling Sherman's Atlanta campaign


What happened at the batlle of Gettysburg?

Meade defeated Lee, ending Lee's invasion of the North.


Did general grant give important speech or fight a major battle?

Grant was not known for his speeches. He won several important battles: Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson, Shiloh, the Siege of Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain, in the West; and the final campaign ending in Lee's surrender at Appomattox in the East.


How many significant dights are in the number 2040920?

6, then ending 0 is not significant without a decimal


What were the two main offensives launched into northern territory by the confederacy?

September 1862 - ending with their defeat at Antietam/Sharpsburg July 1863 - ending with their defeat at Gettysburg