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  • The first change was a lifestyle change. Prior to the Industrial Revolution homes were nearly entirely self-sufficient. That is, they had farms and could supply themselves indefinately with little help from others. However, as the Industrial Revolution came, people began to move to the cities. As the cities grew, the average home became less and less self-sufficient. As you might have guessed, it's pretty difficult to raise a farm in a city. Therefore, citydwellers were forced to buy their food from farms outside the cities. Since the South maintained its argicultural identity while the North grew increasingly industrial, the South made more and more money from selling their crops to the North.
  • However, It was the North who benefited from technological advancement. Just previous to the Civil War, the vast majority of the railroads were in the North, which proved to be a significant advantage during the Civil War because the Northern troops could be resupplied far faster than Southern troops.
  • The South was entirely dependant on slaves, while the North was increasingly dependant on technology and Southern farms.
  • However, there was a downside to the North's technological advancment. More and more people moved to the cities resulting in increasing dependance on outside food sources (mainly the South), so when the Civil War errupted, the price of food in the North shot way up since the large majority of food was produced in the South.
  • Pre industrial development we had little political impact on the world, even after we gained independence from Britain.
  • However, as the Industrial Revolution progressed, more and more new technologies were being invented in United States (such as the Cotton Gin, the Steam Engine, the Steam Boat, the revolver, and so on). These new technologies increased in demand significantly as the years went on.
  • These technological advantages gave United States a significant edge which resulted in United States becoming an increasingly bigger player in world affairs (especially the North since the large majority of factories were in the North). The political influence the North held over the South would prove to be a significant advantage as well when the Civil War broke out.
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Q: In what ways ad to what extent was industrial development from 1800 to 1860 a factor in the relationship between the northern and southern states?
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In what ways and to what extent was the industrial development from 1800 - 1860 a factor in the relationship between the northern and southern states?

The industrial development occurred primarily in the North. The tariffs following the War of 1812 helped businesses in the North and cost people in the South more money for goods. This drove a deep wedge between the regions.


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north is rich and industrial & south is poor and agricultural


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How did the differences between the northern and southern economies lead to the development of two distinct cultural regions?

The southern economy depended largely on agriculture. The northern economy depended mainly on industry as its means of support. This led to the development of two different cultures.


Who fought who in America's Civil War?

The Civil war was was fought between the Northern and Southern states. It was fought mainly over slavery and the fact that Southern (agricultural) states were being neglected by Northern (industrial) states.


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southern banks struggled to support industrial development


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Many Southern blacks moved to Northern industrial cities.


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Many Southern blacks moved to Northern industrial cities.


Why did the industrial revolution have a greater impact of northern states than on southern states?

The development of each area decided what it would do. In southern states the land was perfect for large plantations and crops. In the northern states the land was rocky and couldn't have larger areas to grow crops so they developed industries and small farms of cash crops. Shipping was also important in the northern and middle colonies. Two lifestyles developed in these states (even today the echoes of that time still shows different views of lifestyle) . This is why the industrial revolution affected some states and not others.


How did the northern and southern resources compare?

If you are talking about the Civil War, then here is your answer. The northern had more industrial resources, meaning factories, etc. However, the southern was more agricultural. They depended on slaves to work in the field. Therefore, they had a lot of cotton and farms.


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What least explains the gap in industrial development between the North and the South during the antebellum era?

In speaking of the least reason why industrial development outpaced the South is seen in the jump start that the Northern cities had based on the availability of immigrants who already had some factory work experience.As an aside, the South already had a primary industry and demand came from the North and overseas for the raw materials the South produced. Capitalism had nothing to do with the situation.


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Southern Farmers became dependant on northern banks because the south didn't industrialize as fast as the north.


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the southern states were unwilling to do away with slavery because they did not have the industrial base that the northern states had nor the manpower to get their goods to the markets and ports where they needed to go.


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