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US Civil War

In which Mississippi site were black soldiers massacred after their surrender?


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There was one in Tennessee and one in Louisiana, but I don't see any for Mississippi. The Battle of Fort Pillow, also known as the Fort Pillow Massacre, particularly in the North, was fought on April 12, 1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee, during the American Civil War. The battle has caused great controversy about whether a massacre of surrendered African-American troops was conducted or condoned by Confederate Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest. Military historian David J. Eicher wrote, "Fort Pillow marked one of the bleakest, saddest events of American military history." Later, black Union soldiers marched into Mississippi and they were suprised by a ferious attack by General Nathan Forest's forces at a place called Brices Crossroads. The outnumbered Confederates overwhelmed the Union troops, who fled for their lives back to the safety of Memphis, TN. Some of the black troops were wearing pins that read "Remember Fort Pillow"---but they promptly tore them off. (just a bit of associated trivia; Brices Crossroads was not a massacre) Before dawn on June 7, 1863, a force of 1,500 Texans commanded by Brig-Gen Henry E. McCulloch approached the Federal outpost at Milliken's Bend, a short distance above Vicksburg on the Louisiana side of the Mississippi. The outpost was manned by 1,061 troops---one regiment of whites and three regiments of recently recruited black soldiers, known as the African Brigage. Sensing easy victory, McCulloch's Confederates charged, shouting "No Quarter!" A desperate hand-to-hand struggle ensued. The outnumbered Federals, wielding bayonets and using their guns as clubs, contested each foot of territory as they were driven back toward the Mississippi. Many of the Union soldier fell before the Texans; others were captured. Then the tide of battle suddenly shifted. Two Federal gunboats dispatched from upriver by Admiral Porter began to pour fire into the Confederate ranks, compelling them to retreat. Of the 652 Federals lost at Milliken's Bend, 566 were from the black regiments. Most of the freedmen taken risoner during the battle were returned to slavery. But the bravery of those troops left an indelible impression on their fellow Federals. An admiring officer declared; "I never more wish to hear the expression 'The N---- won't fight.'" Quoted from TIME-LIFE Civil War series, volume "War on the Mississippi. Note; the above took place in Louisiana and may or may not be called a massacre. The Confederates lost 185. The higher casualties among the blacks could be due to lack of military training. Also see: http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/la011.htm Chapdog82--

This was definitely not a slaughter.. it was just another chapter in the most successful slave revolt in US History.. They performed as best can be expected of men 3 weeks in the army with no training in the face of rebel veterans.