Your travel direction from Chicago, Illinois to Republic of India is North (16 degrees from North).
The direction you would travel to go from the South Pole to anywhere is north! But if you kept going due north along the 140 degrees east meridian, you'd hit Australia.
The only direction possible is south from the north pole. You can only travel South from the North Pole.
Going from 40 degrees north to 40 degrees north isn't going north or south, it's standing still, because you don't head north and you don't head south when you're just standing there.
You would travel north to accomplish this trip.
North Dakota is north of Colorado, so if going a straight way, you would be going north. But it usually depends on what interstates and/or freeways you are taking. The exact direction of travel is 19 degrees E of true North.
Going from 36 degrees north to 36 degrees north isn't going north or south, it's standing still, because you don't head north and you don't head south when you're just standing there.
Easy. When you want to travel ANYWHERE from the North Pole, you will be going south.
You're travelling north !