Is Florida closer to the equator than Argentina or southern Spain?
Florida is closer to the equator than southern Argentina or any part of Spain is,
although it's closer to southern Spain than it is to Argentina. But northern Argentina
is closer to the equator than either Florida or any part of Spain. Southern Spain is
also closer to Florida than it is to Argentina, but no part of any of them is as close
to the Equator as Ecuador or Gabon is.
Most of Argentina is farther from the equator than all of southern Spain is, but there's a part in the north that's closer. I'm not in either country. There are some parts of Argentina that are farther from the equator than any place in Spain is, but there are certainly places in northern Argentina that are closer to the equator than many parts of southern Spain are.
All of Florida, as with other southern states, is closer to Argentina than to Spain. Most of the northern and northwestern US is closer to Spain. Every point in Florida is closer to northern Argentina than it is to southern Spain. Note: Every point in Florida is closer to northern Spain than it is to southern Spain.
Assuming that YOU were in either of those locations: Northern Argentina is closer to the equator. The latitude of the equator is zero. Latitudes increase as you move farther from the equator, both north and south. The northernmost point in Argentina is near 21.8° south latitude while the southernmost point in Spain is about 36° N near Gibraltar. There are Spanish islands closer to the equator, the Canary Islands, at 27.6° N, but even so…
Most of the northern and central US is closer to Spain than to Argentina. But many southern and southwest locations such as Nevada, Texas, and Florida (and Hawaii) are closer to Argentina. Except for Hawaii (about 20°N), all of the US is farther from the equator (north) than northern Argentina is (22° to the south). Argentina, like Chile, is very long north-to-south, and extends from about 21° S to about 55° S latitude. Spain extends…
Northern Argentina is only 21 degrees south of the equator. All US states except Hawaii are north of the equator by more than 24 degrees. Southern Michigan is nearly twice as far north (42 degrees north). *(Argentina does extend south as far as 55 degrees, which is as far from the equator as southern Alaska.)
Since Kansas, Argentina, and Spain all occupy land areas that comprise great numbers of different points, it's not a simple matter to answer a question like this while maintaining the proper levels of delicacy and absurdity. Northern Argentina is closer to the equator than anywhere in Kansas or Spain. But there's a lot more to say about this situation: There are parts of southern Spain that are closer to the equator than anywhere in Kansas…
Mexico and the SW and southern parts of the US (Nevada, Texas, Florida) are closer to northern Argentina than they are to Spain. The rest of the US and Canada are closer to Spain. There are some points in the US where Argentina and Spain are equally distant, one example being southern Colorado south of Denver.