Yes and no.
Yes, in the sense that Israel is the only country in which some national laws and practices are straight from the Torah, plus a majority of its citizens are Jewish.
No, in the sense that the majority of Israelis are far from fully religious; and most of the laws in Israel are not Torah-based. Also, Jews live all over the world, though it is true that the greatest number of Jews in any single country is in Israel.
Some examples of widespread Torah-observance in Israel:
- When Israel chose a national day of rest for schools and
businesses, it chose Saturday (the Jewish Sabbath), not Sunday.
Sunday is a full workday in Israel.
- Many official functions are catered with kosher food. To
purchase pork in Israel, or leavened bread on Passover, a person
would have to make a serious search.
- Torah-holidays such as Passover and Sukkot are celebrated
everywhere, not just in private. Hanukkah-menorahs are often
- Israeli coins have no human likenesses on them.
- The majority of marriages and funerals are at least nominally
- Modern Israel uses the Hebrew calendar as well as the Gregorian one.
No, Israel is not the only country in which Judaism is practiced.
Jews practice Judaism. There are Jews of many nationalities. There are Amercan Jews, German Jews, Italian Jews, Israeli Jews and many more of almost every nationality. However, Israel is the only country where Jews are a majority.