There are two types of fundamental atomic particles Hadrons and Leptons, hadrons composed of quarks as proton and neutron, leptons are themselves fundamental particles and are indivisible, electron is a lepton and not the quark.
In theoretical physics the quark-lepton complementarity theory (QLC) suggests that there is a symmetry between quarks and leptons, making them variants of the same fundamental particle. This theory is able to reproduce the standard model of particle physics at low energies, though at present there is no definitive proof of the theory.
An electron is much bigger than a quark. An electron is an atomic particle, while a quark is a subatomic particle.
electron quark (the last answer was a freaking essay)
Proton, neutron and electron At a lower level up quark, down quark, and electron
When a down quark changes into an up quark in the nucleus, a Nestor is changing into a proton. The particles released (for almost all neutron to proton transformations) are an electron and an electron anti-neutrino.
The electron, muon and tau; the down quark, the strange quark, the bottom quark; and the W boson.
six quarks, 6 leptons as well as 13 gauge bosons up quark down quark bottom quark top quark strange quark charm quark electron muon tau electron neutrino muon neutrino tau neutrino graviton photon W and Z and 8 gluons that carry the strong force
The quark is larger than the electron due to the fact that electrons orbit the nucleus and there are three quarks per nucleus, and an equal amount of electrons per neutrons that compose of the nucleus in stable elements, therefore the electron must be smaller than the quark.
The up quark, the down quark, and the electron. Two up quarks and a down quark form a proton, and two down quarks and an up quark form a neutron.
Some such particles include the electron, the antiproton, and the down quark.
Electron, antiproton, anti-up quark, down quark, and several others more.
In beta- decay, a neutron is converted into a proton, and an electron and an electron antineutrino is emitted. More fundamentally, a down quark is converted into an up quark by the emission of a W- boson. The quark conversion is part of the neutron becoming a proton, and the W- boson subsequently decays into the electron and electron antineutrino.In beta+ decay, a proton is converted into a neutron with the addition of energy, and a positron and an electron neutrino is emitted. More fundamentally, an up quark is converted into a down quark, causing the emission of the electron and electron antineutrino. If the beta+ decay also involves K capture, which is the capture of a K shell electron into the nucleus, then there will be subsequent realignment of the electron shells and emission of photons of various energies (x-ray) as the electrons come back to ground state.
The weak nuclear force
The two are related, yes, but technically it would be more accurate to say it the other way around: "Neutrons are heavier than protons because down quarks are heavier than up quarks" Neutrons are composed of an up quark and two down quarks (udd). Protons are composed of two up quarks and one down quark (uud), so the difference in mass between a proton and neutron is (roughly) the same as the difference in mass between the neutron's down quark and the proton's matching up quark. Because a down quark is heavier than an up quark, it is also possible for a down quark to decay into an up quark (releasing an electron in the process). This is how beta radiation occurs in atomic nuclei. One of the neutrons' down quarks decays into an up quark, changing that neutron into a proton, and releasing an electron (as radiation), so another way to look at it would be that a down quark is an up quark that has an electron trapped inside it (the mass of the electron, plus the energy required to "trap" it there, is what makes the down quark heavier).
6C14 decays into 7N14 by beta minus decay. A neutron becomes a proton, and an electron and electron antineutrino is emitted. This is mediated by the Weak Atomic Force, causing a down quark to become an up quark by the emission of a W- boson, which then becomes the electron and electron antineutrino. The down quark is part of the original neutron, which comprises one up and two down quarks. The up quark is part of the new proton, which comprises two up and one down quark. For more information, please see the Related Link below.
Hmm, to name just a few: Neutrons, protons, electrons, W+Z bosons, strange quark, up quark, down quark, charm quark, top quark, bottom quark, Tau, Tau neutrino, muon, muon neutrino, electron neutrino, photon, gluon, (theoretical)-higgs boson, graviton, axion, and neutrino.
Among others, the electron and the down quark have a negative charge. So do the antiparticles of particles with a positive charge - for example, an antiproton, or an anti-up-quark.
No. Beta particles are electrons or positrons that are emitted from the nucleus. They do not come from the electron cloud.In beta- decay, a down quark is changed to an up quark, changing a neutron into a proton by the weak atomic force. This causes the emission of a W- boson, which then subsequently decays into an electron and an electron antineutrino.In beta+ decay, an up quark is changed to a down quark, changing a proton into a neutron by the introduction of energy. This causes the emission of a positron and an electron neutrino. Sometimes it is accompanied by K Capture, where an inner shell electron is absorbed into the nucleus in order to meet the energy demand.
Beta decay involves changing an up quark into a down quark (Beta+) or a down quark into an up quark (Beta-). This causes a neutron to change into a proton (Beta-) and emit a W- boson which decays into a beta particle (electron and electron antineutrino), or, with extra energy, it causes a proton to change into a neutron (Beta+) which emits a beta particle (positron and electron neutrino). Quarks are involved because protons and neutrons are comprised of quarks in sets of three, two up quarks and one down quark to form a proton, and two down quarks and one up quark to form a neutron.
Charge of Electron:-1.6021766x10-19ColumbsCharge of Proton: 1.6021766x10-19ColumbsCharge of Neutron: Zero(Charge of up quark: 2/3 charge of proton)(Charge of down quark: 1/3 charge of electron)
least - electron most - the top quark
In beta- decay, the weak interaction causes a down quark to change to an up quark. This results in the alteration of a neutron into a proton, and the emission of a W- boson, which subsequently decays into an electron and an electron antineutrino.
Actually 'an' up quark.The weak nuclear force permits an interaction between an up quark and an electron that converts the up quark to a down quark and the electron ceases to exist, also an interaction between a down quark and a positron that converts the down quark to an up quark and the positron ceases to exist. There are also weak nuclear force interactions that change quark types by emitting electrons or positrons. Both the absorption and emission interactions described above are referred to as Beta Decay Processes. All Beta Decay Processes also involve emission of an electron neutrino or an electron antineutrino (the lightest known particle having a nonzero mass and a particle that has almost no interaction at all with other matter).
Quarks are the elementary particles and in proton and neutron, there are 2 up quark and one down quark in proton and two down quarks and one up quarks in neutron. where as electron is a lepton and so is not a quark. There are 6 types of quark. Up, down, charm, strange, bottom, and top. Written by: Rohan Vaidya