Geophysics
Waves Vibrations and Oscillations

# Is rarefaction in a longitudinal or transverse wave?

###### Wiki User

A rarefaction can be in a longitudinal and transverse wave. (Longitudinal and transverse wave are both Mechanical waves)

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## Related Questions

Rarefaction occurs only in a longitudinal wave. This wave has consecutive compression and rarefaction. An example of a longitudinal wave is a sound wave.

When you have the complete compression and rarefaction of a longitudinal wave, that is one complete wave.

this kind of wave that includes compressional and rarefaction is called a longitudinal wave.

A wave must be transverse or longitudinal or both.

Earthquakes generate both transverse and longitudinal waves.

Radio wave is not a longitudinal wave it is a transverse wave

The vibration of the Longitudinal wave is parallel to the wave direction and the vibration is perpendicular to the direction in the transverse wave.

The Pressure wave is a longitudinal wave - it is a compression/rarefaction wave and has the highest velocity.The Secondary wave is a transverse wave (side to side) and is much slower.

A longitudinal wave is a "side-on" waveform. A transverse Wave is a "end-on" waveform.

A sound wave is indeed a longitudinal wave as opposed to a transverse wave

Rarefaction only occurs in a longitudinal wave. Rarefaction is the reduction of the density of a medium. It is the opposite of compression.

Difference between Longitudinal waves and Transverse wavesIn longitudinal waves the particle vibrates along the direction of propagation of wave whereas in transverse wave the particles vibrate perpendicular along the direction of propagation of wave.In longitudinal wave there is a pressure variation in the medium whereas in transverse waves there is no pressure variation in the medium.In longitudinal waves the waves move in the medium by compression and rarefaction whereas in transverse waves the waves move by forming crests and troughs.Longitudinal waves require a material medium for its propagation whereas Transverse waves travel without a medium.Longitudinal waves don't with a high speed as their speed is 330 m/s in air whereas Transverse wave travel with a very high speed of 3 * 10^8 m/s.Similarities between longitudinal wave and transverse wave1) They travel in a medium with constant speed which is different in different media.2) They obey the laws of reflection and refraction.

It is not a synonym, in any case. Mechanical waves can be both longitudinal and transverse. Electromagnetic waves are transverse.

Longitudinal waves vibrate in the direction of the wave travel and transverse waves vibrate perpendicular (transverse) to the direction of wave travel.

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