Is the Angel of Jehovah in the Old Testament the Lord Jesus Christ?
Even though there are millions of angels, the Bible only gives the specific names of two of them. One is Micheal, the Archangel, ad the other is the angel Gabriel.(Jude 9, Luke 1:19, Hebrews 12:22)
Two instances where the Bible uses the phrase the "angel of Jehovah" are found at Psalms 34:7 and 2 Kings 19:35. A similar expression is found in other places such as Acts 5:19, where it says "But during the night Jehovah's angel opened the doors of the prison, brought them out..."
On these occasions these angels are called such, because they are sent by Jehovah to perform specific functions, thus the are acting in behalf of Jehovah, and can be called, "the angel of Jehovah" or "Jehovah's angel." Neither of these expressions appear to be names in themselves, but a title bestowed upon them at that time to fulfill a specific purpose.
Sometimes an "angel of Jehovah" or "Jehovah's angel" may be commissioned by God to communicate with humans, to care for and protect his servants, to execute judgement, or some other task assigned by God. (Ps 103:20; Ge 19:13,�24; 2Ki 19:35, Ac 5:19,�20; 7:35; 12:7,�8; 27:23,�24; Re 1:1) Thus, they are referred to as "spirits for public service." (Hebrews 1:14)
The Bible does not give a specific identity of the "angel of Jehovah" in Psalms 34:7 or 2 Kings 19:35. In the case of Psalms however, David is composing a song of praise to Jehovah for his mighty acts on behalf of his servants. The context here indicates that he is not referring to a specific spirit person, but he is referring to the fact that God would send an angel or angels to protect his servants when needed.
The "angel of Jehovah" would be whoever among his throngs of angelic servants that Jehovah chooses on that specific occasion to send to accomplish his purpose.
*I disagree respectfully.
In my opinion, as well as many others, the Angel of Jehovah is a specific term that applies to a very unique individual. In Genesis 18:1 is a good place to begin. It says that The LORD (some versions Jehovah) appeared to him, ie Abraham seen by the context.
Then is says that Abraham see three "men". It the narrative it becomes quite evident that one "man" is the leader/spokesperson. Compare that in ch. 19 two angels go to Sodom to rescue Lot.
This one person through the narrative has special qualities. He is addressed as Lord by Abraham, Abraham bows to him, which arguably could be merely respect. But later, v. 9 he knows Sarah by name and asks about her. He then says "he" will return to them and Sarah will have a child(son). Sarah laughs to herself it specifically says and the "man" assures them that she will indeed have a son. He makes an interesting statement: "Is anything too hard for the LORD..." After telling her she did laugh when she denies it, all of a sudden v. 17 says and The Lord says....Abraham continues to dialogue with "The LORD" just as he was talking to the "man". V. 33 say after the dialogue "So the LORD went His way...." The identities of the two persons, The LORD, and the "man" are very intertwined here.
Genesis 19 gives the sordid details of the destruction of Sodom by coincidentaly two angels. Clearly Angels.
Previous to this in Genesis 16:7ff clearly the Angel of Jehovah appears to Hagar. In summary of this passage. This Angel of Jehovah seeks her out, tells her to return to her mistress and submit to her. He says HE will multiply her descendants and describes her offspring.
Hagar's response is v. 13 (NKJV) "Then she called the name of the LORD who spoke to her, You-are-the God-Who Sees; for she said, Have I also here seen Him who sees me?"
For brevity's sake, see also Gen. 22:11ff; Gen. 24; Gen 31:11ff (here interestingly the "angel" who appears to Jacob says "I am the God of Bethel". Gen.32:24ff.
Also see Gen 24:7,40; ch.48 v.15f (God speaks to God and the Angel as identical) Ex. 3 (c/w Acts 7:30- again the identity of "an angel" become interwoven with God Himself.)
EX.13:21;14:19 (c/w Nim.20:16; Ex.23:20ff; 32:34-33:17 (c/w Isa63:9); Josh 5:13-6:2;Judges 2:1-5;Jdgs 6:11ff.
In the NT in John 1 we see the clear deity of Christ and that He is the Word. Then the Word takes on flesh, vs. 14, and then in v. 17-18 Jesus is declared to be the full expression of all that God is (my paraphrase). Comparing that with Hebrews 1, esp. v. 1-4 and Col. 1 esp. v. 12-20 (pay special attention to v. 19)
Coupled also with Jn. 14:6 I conclude: How we know about God and come into a personal relationship with God is ONLY through Jesus Christ. He is God's Word, His first word and most especially His final and last "Word".
From that and from the very clear God-like qualities of this person "The Angel of Jehovah" I can conclude He is none other than Jesus Christ, God's very special chosen method of revealing Himself to His people as well as their very sustenance. JEC