The short answer is- no. In the opinion of renowned scholars and professors of Islam, history, Arabic and many other fields, the origins of the Qur'an are dubious. Among them - Dr. John Wansbrough, Professor Joseph Schacht, Dr. Patricia Crone, R. Stephen Humphreys and Professor Andrew Rippin. "Almost universally, independent scholars studying the Qur'an and Hadith, have concluded that the Islamic scripture was not revealed to just one man, but was a compilation of later redactions and editions formulated by a group of men, over the course of a few hundred years. The Qur'an which we read today is not that which was in existence in the mid-seventh century, but is a product of the eighth and ninth centuries. It was not conceived in Mecca or Medina, but in Baghdad. It was then and there that Islam took on its identity and became a religion. Consequently, the formative stage of Islam was not within the lifetime of Muhammad but evolved over a period of 300 years." On the other hand, Gerd Puin, a German scholar and the world's foremost authority on Qur'anic paleography, the study and scholarly interpretation of ancient manuscripts, and a specialist in Arabic calligraphy, believes: "My idea is that the Koran is a kind of cocktail of texts that were not all understood even at the time of Muhammad. Many of them may even be a hundred years older than Islam itself. Even within the Islamic traditions there is a huge body of contradictory information, including a significant Christian substrate; one can derive a whole Islamic anti-history from them if one wants. The Qur'an claims for itself that it is 'mubeen,' or clear, but if you look at it, you will notice that every fifth sentence or so simply doesn't make sense. Many Muslims will tell you otherwise, of course, but the fact is that a fifth of the Qur'anic text is just incomprehensible. This is what has caused the traditional anxiety regarding translation. If the Qur'an is not comprehensible, if it can't even be understood in Arabic, then it's not translatable into any language. That is why Muslims are afraid. Since the Qur'an claims repeatedly to be clear but is not-there is an obvious and serious contradiction. Something else must be going on." The Qur'an tells us that Muhammad's critics found traditions, folklore and Jewish and Christian scripture: "We have heard this (before): if we wished, we could say (words) like these: these are nothing but tales of the ancients" (8:31)."Such things have been promised to us and to our fathersbefore! They are nothing but tales of the ancients!" (23:83)" According to historian W. St. Clair Tisdall, who did pioneering work on these questions in his monograph The Sources of Islam, which he later expanded into a book, and in his other writings, "the books of the Zoroastrians and Hindus... bear the most extraordinary likeness to what we find in the Koran and Hadith. Thus in Paradise we are told of 'houris having fine black eyes,' and again of 'houris with large black eyes, resembling pearls hidden in their shells.'... The name houry too is derived from an Avesta or Pehlavi Source, as well as jinn for genii, and bihisht (Paradise), signifying in Avestic 'the better land.' We also have very similar tales in the old Hindu writings, of heavenly regions with their boys and girls resembling the houris and ghilman of the Koran." Source: The Truth About Muhammad by Robert Spencer (2006). There were different Qur'ans in Muhammad's time. Islamic sources tell us that Muhammad's followers would argue because Muhammad provided contradicting versions of the Qur'an. A notable example appears in Bulhari's Hadith: "Umar bin Khattab [the second Caliph] said, 'I heard Hisham bin Hakim bin Hizam reciting Surat Al-Furqan ["Al-Furqan," the title of the 25th surah, has no meaning in any language.] during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle. I listened to his recitation and noticed that he recited it in several ways which Allah's Apostle had not taught me. So I was on the point of attacking him in the prayer, but I waited till he finished, and then I seized him by the collar. "Who taught you this Surah which I have heard you reciting?" He replied, "Allah's Apostle taught it to me." I said, "You are lying. Allah's Apostle taught me in a different way this very Surah which I have heard you reciting." So I led him to Muhammad. "O Allah's Apostle! I heard this person reciting Surat-al-Furqan in a way that you did not teach me." The Prophet said, "Hisham, recite!" So he recited in the same way as I heard him recite it before. On that Allah's Apostle said, "It was revealed to be recited in this way." Then the Prophet said, "Recite, Umar!" So I recited it as he had taught me. Allah's Apostle said, "It was revealed to be recited in this way, too." He added, "The Qur'an has been revealed to be recited in several different ways, so recite of it that which is easier for you." (Bukhari:V6B61N561) == == One of the most common myths about the Qur'an, is that the Quran was compiled by people that came after Muhammad and as such Quran is not authentic and that it has been edited several times. Let me explain that myth one by one. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) himself supervised and authenticated the written texts of the Qur'an. Whenever the Prophet received a revelation, he would first memorize it himself and later declare the revelation and instruct his Companions (R.A. - Radhi Allahu Taala Anhu) - May Allah be pleased with him who would also memorize it. The Prophet would immediately ask the scribes to write down the revelation he had received, and he would reconfirm and recheck it himself. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was an Ummi who could not read and write. Therefore, after receiving each revelation, he would repeat it to his Companions. They would write down the revelation, and he would recheck by asking them to read what they had written. If there was any mistake, the Prophet would immediately point it out and have it corrected and rechecked. Similarly he would even recheck and authenticate the portions of the Qur'an memorized by the Companions. In this way, the complete Qur'an was written down under the personal supervision of the prophet (pbuh). The complete Qur'an was revealed over a period of 22Â½ years portion by portion, as and when it was required. The Qur'an was not compiled by the Prophet in the chronological order of revelation. The order and sequence of the Qur'an too was Divinely inspired and was instructed to the Prophet by Allah (swt) through archangel Jibraeel. Whenever a revelation was conveyed to his companions, the Prophet would also mention in which surah (chapter) and after which ayat (verse) this new revelation should fit. Every Ramadhaan all the portions of the Qur'an that had been revealed, including the order of the verses, were revised and reconfirmed by the Prophet with archangel Jibraeel. During the last Ramadhaan, before the demise of the Prophet, the Qur'an was rechecked and reconfirmed twice. It is therefore clearly evident that the Qur'an was compiled and authenticated by the Prophet himself during his lifetime, both in the written form as well as in the memory of several of his Companions. Many Companions of the Prophet used to write down the revelation of the Qur'an on their own whenever they heard it from the lips of the Prophet. However what they wrote was not personally verified by the Prophet and thus could contain mistakes. All the verses revealed to the Prophet may not have been heard personally by all the Companions. There were high possibilities of different portions of the Qur'an being missed by different Companions. This gave rise to disputes among Muslims regarding the different contents of the Qur'an during the period of the third Caliph Usman (r.a.). Usman (r.a.) borrowed the original manuscript of the Qur'an, which was authorized by the beloved Prophet (pbuh), from Hafsha (may Allah be pleased with her), the Prophet's wife. Usman (r.a.) ordered four Companions who were among the scribes who wrote the Qur'an when the Prophet dictated it, led by Zaid bin Thabit (r.a.) to rewrite the script in several perfect copies. These were sent by Usman (r.a.) to the main centres of Muslims. There were other personal collections of the portions of the Qur'an that people had with them. These might have been incomplete and with mistakes. Usman (r.a.) only appealed to the people to destroy all these copies which did not match the original manuscript of the Qur'an in order to preserve the original text of the Qur'an. Two such copies of the copied text of the original Qur'an authenticated by the Prophet are present to this day, one at the museum in Tashkent in erstwhile Soviet Union and the other at the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Allah has Himself promised to guard the Qur'an. He has promised in the Qur'an : "We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption)." [Al-Qur'an 15:9] Thus it can be proved that the Quran which is present is the same as that was revealed to Muhammad. The subject material remains untouched and preserved to this day.
Any Muslim has the Quran (or Koran) as his holy book that reflects real God words revelation to Prophet (PBUH).
The Bible is the book of God for Christians, the Koran is the book of the Muslims through Allah.
Koran (or Quran) is the holy book of Islam religion per real God word revelation to prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the angel gabriel (Jibril).
its because the koran was brought down to earth by god and into RUS then into writing.
Yes, Koran (or Quran) is holy book of Islam religion that reflects real God words revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the Angel Gabriel (or Jibril).
No, Koran is the Muslims God Holy book that is revealed to prophet Muhammad by God through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril). Islam is God religion that is based on Koran God revelation to Prophet Muhammad. Muslims Holy Book Koran may be spelled Kor'an, Koraan, Quran, Qura'n, Quraan, Kuran, Kura'n, or Kuraan.
Koran or properly spelled Quran is central religious book of Islam. Muslims believe Quran is final revelation of God
the quran (not to be spelled as koran even if you see it on the real book
The Koran or Qur'an is the holy book of Islam.
Koran is talking of God to human. and orders and wants of God are in Koran. submission is having the life as wants of God described in Koran.
Koran is word of God and when reading Koran, God talks human.
It is Muslims holy book that reflects real God revelation words to prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Refer to question below on why was Quran revealed. NB: Koran may be spelled Koraan, Kor'an, Quran. Quraan, Qur'an, Kuran, Kuraan, or Kura'n.
Qur'an (Koran) is the last holy book revealed to the last Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). It is the word of Almighty God. It is a complete code of life for humans.
NO. He was a prohet. God created the Koran in arabic.
The koran, or qur'an, is the holy book of Islam.
the Koran is probably as important as the bible is to all people who believe in god.
Koran is the collection of revelations of prophet Muhammad and in Islam it is word of God and by reading Koran God talks human by mouth of human. when worship human talks God and when reading Koran God talks human.
The Koran is written in Arabic.
The Koran is written in Arabic.
The Muslim Holy Book, Quran, was revealed by Allah (God in English) to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the Angel Gabriel. Quran reflects real Allah words in real revelation language (Arabic). Refer to related questions below. Quran may be spelled Quraan, Qur'an, Koran, Koraan, Kora'n, Kuran, Kuraan, Kur'an.
in Islam Koran is the words of God. the Koran comparing other books is like God comparing people.
Yes. There is only one Quran.