Is the chemical composition of a gas determined by its analysis of the spectral lines of the gas?
How did astronomers in the 19th century gather information about the chemical composition of stellar objects?
There is one way for gathering information about chemical composition of stellar objects - spectral analysis! Astronomical spectroscopy began with Isaac Newton's initial observations of the light of the Sun, dispersed by a prism. He saw a rainbow of colour, and may have seen absorption lines. The absorption lines in stellar spectra can be used to determine the chemical composition of the star.
Which tool would an astronomer most likely use to collect information about the chemical makeup of a star?
The light that comes from the star. The light is spread out into its spectrum and the pattern of spectral lines allow the composition (and temperature) to be determined. The temp can also be found by looking at the black body curve for the star (also from spectrum), or, by looking at the color of the star (difference in intensity of the light through two different color filters typically B and V. The light that…